A bee war can be made on your own. Such a design has a number of requirements. She has a specific device, and it can be made in various ways. After manufacturing, the swarm must be painted, properly filled and properly installed.
Bee Trap Requirements
The bee troopers may differ in design features and materials of execution, but the requirements for them are the same:
- sufficient capacity: the swarm must accommodate a swarm of any strength, the optimal volume is 40-80 l;
- tightness - the mood of the bees inside the war is far from benevolent, so they should not accidentally get outside;
- Convenience of construction - of particular importance is the lid, which should be easy to open and close;
- free flow of fresh air;
- lightness of construction - it may be necessary to lift it on a pole to remove the swarm, which is very difficult and dangerous when the trap is heavy.
The device of the war
A boar can be a box or a basket. It is used for catching swarms or temporary placement of insects during various work in the apiary.
The cover of the turret is fully or partially made of mesh - this provides excellent ventilation. A sufficient influx of fresh air also allows the bees to cool faster, after which they calm down.
The robe is a mobile design, therefore it is usually equipped with a belt or carrying handle. The average volume of a universal device is 60 liters. For small swarms, you can make a design for 20-30 liters. A ready-made boar must weigh no more than 2 kg.
Do-it-yourself DIY manufacturing options for bees
Making a swarm on your own is easy. Materials for this design are available, but several options.
Plywood is one of the common, inexpensive and affordable materials for the manufacture of a swarm. In addition to it, you need to prepare several more materials and tools:
- fine wire mesh;
- mosquito net (can be replaced with a durable small tulle);
- screwdriver (you can do with a drill);
- small nails (preferably shoe) and a hammer;
The use of plywood for the swarm allows you to carry out the design in any size. The following parameters are optimal:
- side walls (2 parts) - 0.3x0.45 m;
- front wall - 0.35x0.2 m;
- bottom - 0.35x0.45 m;
- cover - 0.2x0.45 m.
The production of a roar is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- Saw details of the right size from plywood.
- Strengthen the bottom and cover of the structure with slats.
- Attach the side walls of the swarm to the slats. Do this with screws.
- Run the summer.
The grid can be fixed in many ways. One option is the front wall in the form of two frames, one of which will open. Another option is to cover with a mesh a hole previously made in the lid. To fix the mesh, use small nails.
Glue or liquid nails can also be used to fasten the details of the war. In this case, the ventilation of the war is especially important.
The finished structure should be equipped with a belt so that it is convenient to carry. The belt must be of high quality, as well as its fastening, otherwise at the crucial moment you can drop the swarm.
To learn how to make a swarm for bees from plywood, see the following video:
From expanded polystyrene
The advantages of using polystyrene foam are its environmental friendliness, air and moisture resistance. This material has less weight than plywood, and there is no risk of mold. He is not afraid of birds and rodents.
Styrofoam has a few drawbacks. One of them is the possibility of accumulation of excess condensate in the structure. This problem is solved by making additional holes. Another drawback is the risk of damage. They may be mechanical or due to sunlight.
To make a swarm from expanded polystyrene, it is necessary to prepare the following materials and tools:
- polystyrene sheet, optimal thickness - 30 mm;
- self-tapping screws;
- glue and liquid nails;
- pencil with a ruler.
The algorithm for manufacturing the polystyrene foam war is as follows:
- Cut the necessary parts from polystyrene foam. These are two sidewalls of 0.51x0.35 m, the bottom is 0.51x0.36 m, the cover is of the same size, the front is 0.3x0.35 m and the rear wall is of the same size.
- Fasten the main parts of the swarm, except for the lid.
- Perform a notch around the perimeter of the hole for the lid. It is enough to deepen it by half a centimeter, and make it 3 cm wide.
- Fasten the cover with screws.
- Run a small square summer. Provide a mount for the mesh covering it.
- Carry out the carry mount. If you use a belt, then it must be put on the bottom of the structure, as the material is fragile.
The Butlerova War
This type of construction in beekeeping is quite popular. A swarm is made using the following materials and tools:
- thin sheet plywood;
- jigsaw (you can use a hacksaw or circular saw);
- construction stapler (staple gun);
- bolts or other fasteners;
- wire mesh;
- handle (can be replaced with a hook or loop).
The algorithm of actions is as follows:
- Soak plywood in water. It is enough to hold it for a day.
- Cut the case of the swarm. It is a meter strip of plywood 0.4-0.45 m wide.
- Cut two hoops from plywood. These are meter strips 3 cm wide.
- Fix the lower hoop with a stapler, departing from the edge of the sheet for the case 5 cm (more possible).
- Secure the upper hoop with the stapler to the edge of the case sheet.
- Cut another narrow strip of plywood. Secure it with a stapler perpendicular to the hoops of the structure. This strip will act as a handle.
- The bottom of the swarm is covered with canvas. Secure it with a stapler.
- Cut a strip of plywood for the cover of the structure. Fix it with a bolt (hairpin) - this ensures the mobility of the part.
- Wire the fixed segment of the lid with wire mesh.
- Lower the movable element, tighten.
- Fasten the carrying handle on the side of the case - the movable cover should be on the opposite side.
All parts must be connected tightly without gaps. It is recommended that a preliminary design drawing be made.
Painting a Roar
The fabricated structure must be painted. Use oil paints for this. This coating protects the war against moisture, the harmful effects of sunlight.
Painting a warrior also provides masking. To do this, choose green or brown.
It is not recommended to resort to quick-drying paints. Quick drying is ensured by special additives, the smell of which persists for a long time. The disadvantage of this coating is also the rapid occurrence of cracks.
The boar should be painted only outside. Such a coating from the inside will be an obstacle to the penetration of air and moisture, and even small temperature fluctuations will provoke the accumulation of condensate.
After painting, a swarm is not recommended for several months. The optimal period is six months. During this time, the smell of paint will completely disappear.
Before using the booster for its intended purpose, several more preparatory measures are necessary. A dry tree produces an unpleasant aroma for bees, therefore, during the rain, an open structure must be put outside.
Inside the swarm, grate plants that are attractive to insects. It can be blackcurrant leaf, lemon balm. The following treatment is also effective:
- broken mother liquors or wax - process the heated walls of the swarm;
- propolis alcohol solution - apply to the edges of the walls;
- pine resin (dissolve with ether) - processing of wooden frame elements;
- wax or honey - rub the notch along with the edge.
Inside the warrior, it is necessary to place standard material:
- waxed frames for detuning honeycombs;
- frame with food: honey, bee bread, sushi;
- empty frames.
Installing a Roar
A properly prepared and prepared swarm must be properly installed. Before this, a swarm should be monitored, the capture of which is planned. If the bees constantly gather in a certain place, then the trap should be there. In other cases, you need to choose a site with honey plants nearby.
The installation of the war is carried out according to certain rules:
- the presence of a river or other body of water nearby;
- remoteness from apiaries at least 1-1.5 km;
- suspend the swarm on a strong branch - the height is not more than 7 m, preferably 2.5-4 m;
- to raise a trap on a tree, you should use a rope, throwing it over the desired branch;
- fasten the structure so that it fits securely, but if necessary, quickly removed;
- deciduous trees are also suitable for installing a swarm, but it is better to choose spruce or pine;
- position the structure in the shade;
- the summer should be facing south;
- access to the swarm should be free, not cluttered with branches;
- provide bait in a trap;
- there should not be a power line nearby;
- you can not set a trap on the road, but you can near it.
Royna - a device necessary in an apiary. You can make it on your own in different variations - in any case, the technology is simple, and the materials are cheap and affordable. After manufacturing, the swarm must be painted and properly filled. An important point is the proper installation of the trap.