Among the varieties with light fruits, zucchini Gribovsky is one of the most popular in Russia and the CIS countries. The highly branched plant bears fruit well in many regions, without requiring special conditions for cultivation and care. More details about its characteristics and method of cultivation can be found below.
Zucchini Gribovsky high-yielding variety
Zucchini Gribovsky has delicious and juicy pulp
Zucchini Gribovsky 37 was bred in 1943 from a sample of foreign origin Greek. He immediately gained great popularity and to this day is grown in many cities of the former USSR. Many gardeners will be interested in its characteristics:
|Ripening period||The variety is grown as a one-year crop and has a mid-early ripening period - from an average of 45-60 days, it takes 45-60 days from planting seeds to soil to picking the first fruits. On the plant, the fruits are formed within 35-40 days.|
|Plant features||The shape of the plant is a bush with a large number of shoots. The bushes themselves are well developed and formed from strong spreading branches. The main stem is large in size and spreads on the ground.|
Large spotty leaves of bright green color and a pentagonal shape appear on the bushes. They keep on long powerful petioles. The whole plant is covered with pubescence in the form of thorns. Bright yellow bell-shaped flowers appear on it.
The variety is dioecious, therefore there are male and female flowers. Unlike female flowers, male ones are deprived of thickening on the peduncle. Pollination occurs with the help of insects.
|Features of the fruit||The fruits of zucchini Gribovsky can be described by several basic parameters:|
- shape - short-cylindrical or oval elongated;
- weight - from 700 g to 1.3 kg (an average of 1 kg);
- length - from 20 to 25 cm;
- color - when fully ripened, light green (light green), but when overripe, becomes yellowish;
- the peel is hard, ribbed to the touch, but then smooth;
- the flesh is tasty and juicy, in young specimens it is white with cream-colored seeds, elastic and medium density, and in ripe fruit it is coarse and externally covered with a dense shell;
- the purpose is universal, the fruits are ideal for processing.
|Disease resistance||The variety is not afraid of a number of diseases that pose a danger to other representatives of the Pumpkin family. These include bacteriosis, fruit rot and powdery mildew. In this regard, the culture does not need to be treated with chemicals.|
|Productivity||Zucchini Gribovsky belongs to the high-yielding varieties - subject to competent agricultural technology allows 1 sq. Km. m beds to collect from 4 to 8 kg of fruit.|
Dates and methods of landing
There are two ways to grow zucchini Gribovsky on your personal plot:
- Through direct sowing into the ground . A good choice for regions with a warm and stable climate. Sowing seeds into the soil is desirable in late May or early June, when the threat of severe frost passes. In the south, sowing work can be done in early May, but always under film shelter.
- Seedlings . In the central and northern regions, it is better to cultivate the vegetable through seedlings. To get an early fruit harvest, sowing seeds in pots is from the last decade of April to mid-May. If you plan to start up the fruits for long-term storage and preparation of blanks for the winter, sowing is best done in the last decade of May. After about a month, seedlings in the phase of 2-4 real leaves can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Site selection and bed preparation
The culture is photophilous, so it needs to be grown in a sunny and protected from drafts place. The best option is the southern and southwestern slopes. As for the soil, it should be nutritious, sandy or medium loamy with neutral acidity.
It is undesirable to grow zucchini on heavy soils, near which groundwater passes.
When choosing a site, it is equally important to consider crop rotation rules. Zucchini can not be planted in a place where previously grown:
- other representatives of the Pumpkin family.
Its good predecessors are:
- sideral cultures;
So that in the future zucchini was protected from pests, it should be planted near such crops:
Having determined the suitable site, you can begin to prepare it. It is advisable to dig a bed from a shovel bayonet in the fall, add organic fertilizers (humus, compost, peat, sand) and cover it with dark material for quick heating. If you want to lower the acidity of the soil, lime must be added to it.
During autumn preparation, the garden bed can be poured with a solution of the biological fungicide Fitosporin-M (1 tbsp. Powder per bucket of water to process 1 sq. M. Beds). Such a tool will destroy fungal and bacterial pathogens.
Tillage can be done before sowing. To do this, you need to dig it up well, and then fertilize it with mineral and organic substances.
With any method of planting, Gribovsky seeds must be pre-sowed, which involves the following steps:
- Disinfect seed. To do this, withstand it for 30 minutes in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate. Hollow specimens that have surfaced on the surface of the water should be discarded - they will not produce seedlings. Rinse the remaining seeds with clean water to rid the surface of germs.
- Soak seeds for 12 hours in 1 tsp. in a growth promoter - Zircon, Heteroauxin or Epine.
- Soak a cloth bag in water, and then put seeds in it. Transfer the bag to the saucer and hold for 72 hours in a warm place. Make sure that the fabric does not dry out.
Germinated seed can be sown in open ground or seedlings.
Planting through seedlings
This method involves the cultivation of strong seedlings, which can conditionally be divided into several stages:
- Sowing seeds . It is produced in separate containers up to 100 ml in order to prevent damage to young roots. For these purposes, it is best to use plastic cups, ceramic pots, mini-greenhouses or peat pots. They need to be filled with a ready-made soil mixture with fertile and loose soil. A little superphosphate or wood ash can be added to the substrate. Hatching seeds need to be planted in this soil, deepening by 4-5 cm.
- Creating an optimal microclimate . After sowing, the earth must be moistened and covered with a film or glass. When the first sprouts appear, the shelter can be removed. It is better to keep the seedlings on the windowsill on the south side, but it should be shaded from direct sunlight.
- Top dressing . It is enough to feed the seedlings twice, adhering to this scheme:
- with the appearance of the first sprouts, pour a solution of 0.5 tbsp. l superphosphate and the same amount of urea per 1 liter of water;
- 10-14 days after the first top dressing, pour seedlings with a solution of wood ash or nitrophoska.
- Watering . To prevent the appearance of a crust on the ground, water the seedlings 2 times a week with settled water at room temperature. Do not overdo it with watering, since the vegetable marrow Gribovsky is a drought-tolerant plant.
- Hardening . It is carried out a week before transplanting seedlings to the street in order to prepare it for new growing conditions. On the first day, young animals need to be taken out into the open air for 2-3 hours, and on the following days, add 2 hours to the available time.
After frost has passed, seedlings with a few real leaves can be transplanted into the open ground. Planting scheme - 70x70 cm. First you need to carefully remove the seedlings from the container so as not to disturb the earthen lump and injure the roots, and then plant them in prepared holes, deepening to cotyledonous leaves.
To extend the fruiting period of zucchini, you can use the conveyor method - plant seedlings several times per season with an interval of 7 days.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Hatching seeds can be sown in open ground according to a 60x60 cm pattern. Planting must not be too dense, otherwise in the future the bushes will interfere with each other and will not be able to develop at full strength. Optimum density - 3 seedlings per 1 square. m beds.
When sowing, each hole needs to be moistened, if desired, add a handful of humus and ash, and then throw 2-3 grains into it and sprinkle with earth. Zucchini loves warmth, so until the first shoots appear, the planting should be kept under film cover.
If several seeds sprout in any well, weak sprouts must be removed, leaving one strong specimen each.
Care for zucchini Gribovsky
This variety is not particularly whimsical, but requires the timely conduct of a number of agricultural activities. It includes:
- Soil treatment . After the appearance of the first seedlings or 7 days after planting the seedlings in the ground, the first loosening can be carried out. It should be light and superficial so as not to damage the root system of the plant. A few hours after loosening, weeding should be carried out - remove all weed grass to preserve the nutrients for zucchini in the soil and prevent the development of diseases. When the seedlings become stronger, it is worthwhile to carry out the hilling, which will contribute to the formation of additional shoots.
- Watering . Several times a week, early in the morning or in the evening, the planting should be moistened with warm, well-maintained water to prevent the earth from drying out. During flowering and fruit setting, the frequency of watering can be increased, however, excess moisture should not be allowed - this can lead to rotting of the roots.
In addition, in the damp earth, the top of the fetus will begin to rot. In this case, the affected area must be cut to fresh pulp with a sharp knife, and the cut should be kept over an open fire. After such manipulations, the slice hardens and crusts, and the fruit continues to grow.
- Top dressing . If zucchini is cultivated on depleted soil, then it needs to be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. During the period of growth and development, the plant can be fed twice according to this scheme:
- pour a monthly planting solution with 40 g of superphosphate, 20 g of ammonium nitrate and 20 g of potassium salts in a bucket of water (this composition is enough to water 10 plants);
- 7-10 days after the first top dressing, add the organic fertilizer diluted in water under the root - bird droppings (1:15) or mullein (1:10).
- Pollination . It is carried out by bees and other insects. To attract them, the bushes can be sprayed regularly with sugar syrup. An alternative is to apply water to the female buds, into which pollen from the male flowers is added first.
- The formation of the bush . Zucchini Gribovsky is classified as a highly branched plant, so it is worth pinching its whips to the desired length. In addition, you need to regularly remove up to 3 large lower leaves. They suck out a lot of nutritious juices from the plant and at the same time shade the fruits.
- Pest protection . Planting must be protected from such insects:
- Spider mite . Zucchini attacks in the second half of June, settling on the underside of the leaves and sucking juices out of them. Leaves ovaries, leaves, and flowers falling. Ticks can be combated by spraying the plant with hot pepper infusion with wood ash.
- Sprout flies . With poor cultivation, the beds winter in the soil at night, and in May wakes up and attacks the squash. In order to fight the fly, in early spring you need to bring Fufanon or Karbofos into the ground.
- Gourd aphids . In the spring settles on weeds and multiplies, and then attacks crops, including zucchini. It can be seen on the back of the tops and young shoots. It leads to deformation of the leaves and their fall, which inhibits the growth of the plant. Karbofos, powdered sulfur, infusion of tobacco or yarrow will help with aphids.
Harvesting and storage
On average, harvesting can be done every 2-3 days already in the middle of summer. Fruits should be cut from the bushes with a sharp knife along with the stem. The exact timing of their collection depends on the goals of the gardener:
- Eat zucchini for food in the coming days . During the fruiting period, young fruits with light and soft skin should be removed, which also stimulates the formation of new ovaries. As a rule, from the formation of ovaries to the overgrowth of the fruit, 8-12 days pass. To have time to collect young zucchini, plantings need to be inspected every 3-4 days.
- Laid for winter storage . If zucchini is grown for long-term storage, the fruits should be picked only when the maximum varietal size is reached. The peel of such vegetables is coarser, so that they can be stored until February-March. The cut fruits without visible damage should be dried in the sun, wiped with a dry cloth (do not wash!) And sent for storage in the basement, previously laid in boxes. So that the zucchini does not touch each other, between them you need to lay out straw or sawdust.
Zucchini can be stored after freezing. To do this, they must be thoroughly washed, peeled and sunflower seeds, and then cut into small cubes, packaged in bags and put in the freezer.
Even if the vegetable is laid in storage, it is impossible to prevent its overripening, because because of this it will be covered with a rough bark of a yellowish or brown hue, and it will also lose its palatability - seeds will pull together more than the pulp inside.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the Gribovsky variety include the following qualities:
- possesses resistance to diseases;
- tolerates sudden temperature changes;
- has high taste;
- refers to high-yielding plants;
- suitable for long-term storage and transportation to distant plants, so it can be grown for the purpose of further implementation.
The disadvantages of the variety can only be noted that its bushes are vigorous. Because of this, a large area in the garden will have to be allocated for the vegetable.
Larisa Pavlovna, 56 years old.
Along with zucchini-zucchini, I also grow Gribovsky 37. I like its germination and productivity, and the young fruits are very tasty and juicy. If we do not have time to eat all the fruits as a family, then I prepare winter preparations from them - caviar or marinades. It turns out very tasty.
Ivan Sergeevich, 49 years old.
For me, the squash Gribovsky is a classic. It was still grown by my parents. Fruits of white color have a pleasant density and do not have noticeable fibrillation. Fried the most delicious zucchini! I grow a part of the fruit to a rough crust and put it in the cellar for storage. Do not lose their qualities until spring.
Olga Syshchuk, 39 years old.
In the country, I grow zucchini Gribovsky 37. I choose this variety for its unpretentiousness, good germination and productivity. But keep in mind that the bushes are very branched, so they will take up a lot of space. It's not a problem for me. Zucchini can be harvested 45-50 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The skin is not hard, and the flesh is very tender and juicy. I recommend to everyone.
Zucchini Gribovsky 37 cultivate in their personal plots and beginner gardeners, and gardeners with experience. The variety is valued for its unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases and low temperatures, as well as good germination and productivity. Most of the fruits can be harvested at a young age for consumption, and the remainder in mature form for laying for storage.