Goose is an unpretentious, hardy bird. But not a single animal, including the goose, is safe from various diseases. These birds can also be infected with diseases that are dangerous not only for the geese themselves, but also for humans.
What diseases can be dangerous both for a goose and a person?
The well-being and life of birds depends on the formation of the body's immune defense, which weakens due to hypothermia and overheating, dryness or dampness, drafts and many other various factors. The poultry breeder should be aware that geese may be affected by non-communicable and contagious diseases.
Worms, viral enteritis, infectious cloacitis, colibacillosis, coccidiosis are considered to be infectious diseases. Geese can get salmonellosis, aspergillosis and pasteurellosis. In order to distinguish between diseases from each other, each disease should be considered separately. This will help to take urgent measures in the future.
The disease affects small chicks 1-3 weeks of age. Geese that are ill with this disease will be lifelong carriers of the virus. The disease develops and spreads due to non-compliance with hygiene conditions. Domestic geese suffer from enteritis in early spring. The disease is transmitted, mainly from an infected mother.
It is accompanied by nasal discharge, conjunctivitis. Goslings may experience diarrhea with blood. Goslings that manage to survive after illness may experience sagging belly and developmental slowdown. Due to the fact that the chicks begin to cling to each other, they have dermatitis, feathers begin to fall out on their backs.
It is necessary to recognize the cause of the goose disease as soon as possible and begin treatment. Use a specific serum that is injected under the skin - this helps to suppress second microflora. The use of antibiotics and nitrofurans, for example, Baytril, Furazolidone, is recommended. For preventive measures, it is recommended to immunize the chicks in the first days of life. Revaccinate the bird in 3-4 weeks.
Often, goslings are exposed to this disease in the first month after birth. This period is especially dangerous for chicks of others. With the disease, white diarrhea caused by salmonella can occur. When spreading, it is difficult to cope with the disease - it can destroy the entire population. In what cases does salmonellosis occur:
- overheating of birds;
- vitamin deficiencies with an unbalanced diet;
- tight space.
Pathogens can infect rodents, people suffering from salmonellosis. Adult geese can be called lifelong carriers of bacteria. The microbe is especially stable and able to maintain viability, for years being even in the frozen carcasses of geese.
There are several forms of the disease, ranging from instant to chronic. With salmonellosis, geese become drowsy, thirsty. The disease is accompanied by paralysis, depression, swelling of the joints, conjunctivitis. Geese suffer from cloacite, vitelline peritonitis.
You can get rid of the disease by taking antibiotics, nitrofurans or sulfonamides. The use of Tromexin is recommended.
The causative agent of the disease is a bacterium that constantly lives in the intestines. The disease occurs due to weakening of the body, because hygienic conditions are not observed. Two to three month old birds encounter colibacillosis. They are constantly thirsty, their movements are slow and difficult, their condition is oppressed and sleepy. Therefore, it is recommended to treat the disease with an antibiotic solution instead of water.
To prevent colibacillosis, farmers thoroughly sanitize the premises. Goslings from 3 to 6 days old are given a vaccine so that they do not die.
Young geese are often affected by the disease - this happens in early spring. It manifests itself as sepsis and has a high mortality rate. The disease is transmitted through food, drink, as well as in case of contact with wild birds, for example, if sparrows have flown, pecked at food and brought pasteurella.
During the period of the disease, geese become depressed, they show green diarrhea with blood, birds begin to limp, and their wings sag. With the fulminant form of the disease, the birds die immediately for no apparent reason. Tromexin, which has the antimicrobial effects of an antibiotic and sulfonamides, is considered the recommended drug for the treatment of Perellerez.
For prophylaxis, chicks are immunized. It is important to carefully monitor the hygiene and nutrition of birds.
Disease caused by protozoan parasites. Chicks up to 3 months are most susceptible to the disease. Goslings develop diarrhea; they die in 80% of cases. The cause of the disease is the failure to comply with the proper conditions of detention. With Coccidiosis, geese become inactive and lethargic, they manifest anemia. The litter becomes sticky, goslings freeze, mucous diarrhea occurs, often with bloody discharge.
Initially, it is necessary to eliminate feeding disturbances, tidy up the premises where geese live, and make sure that the birds are kept clean. It is recommended to use coccidiostatics, antibacterial agents, antibiotics. The parasite develops due to synergistic microflora. If you remove the associated bacteria, you can help the body of the chick cope with the disease.
The development of the disease causes a pathogenic fungus, from which goslings suffer mainly in violation of the conditions of detention. Microbes actively reproduce in the litter, which has not changed for a long time - this leads to infection of the bird. At the same time, the respiratory organs of geese are mainly affected. Suspicious chickens are isolated and sent to the slaughter, and those who are healthier are recommended to be treated with antimycotics or aerosolized with iodine monochloride.
The room must be sealed by pouring the drug into a container of glass or ceramic and left for half an hour. This contributes to the release of purple gas. Microbes are not resistant to iodine - they die immediately. The disadvantage of this procedure is the high corrosivity of the halogen.
Infectious cloacitis (neysseriosis)
The disease caused by diplococci, as well as aggravated by the addition of second microflora. Adult geese suffer from diseases during mating. Signs of the manifestation of the disease:
- the bird loses weight;
- hyperemia of the mucosa of the cloaca;
- gander encounters curvature and prolapse of the penis;
- erosion, fibrinous scabs appear;
- eggs are not fertilized.
It is recommended to treat geese with a single injection of Bicillin-5 intramuscularly. Then within five days give Levomycetinum or Tetracycline with two meals a day. If necessary, after a seven-day break, antibiotic therapy is repeated, only with another drug.
For prevention, during the acquisition of the reproductive herd, birds are examined - suspicious and sick people are rejected, the rest are given a course of antibiotic therapy. Be sure to disinfect the place of walking, the premises for geese, equipment.
From worms, chicks suffer most. Worms are manifested due to the fact that geese can consume a lot of grass, which is often infected with eggs of parasitic worms. It is necessary to carry out preventive deworming in 2-3 weeks. In a clinical disease, goslings suffer from diarrhea, as well as inhibition in development.
The process will have to be repeated when the goslings turn 1 month old, the third deworming - in 6 months. Individuals of the reproductive herd should be subject to the expulsion of worms twice a year - in autumn and spring. The use of Levamisosis, Tetramisole or Albendazole is recommended - add to morning food. In order for the worms not to get used to the drugs, they are changed annually.
To prevent the spread of infections, you must try to keep geese of different ages in separate rooms.
What diseases are not dangerous?
To prevent further spread, poultry farmers need to know about such diseases that are not harmful to humans:
Pathology develops due to a lack of vitamin and a deficiency of ultraviolet radiation. This disease is called rickets, characterized by impaired bone growth, their curvature, growth inhibition.
Vitamin deficiency is a disease that is encountered not only by chicks, but also by geese. This is due to the fact that the layers lack calcium. The disease is accompanied by the fact that the beak becomes soft, laying hens bring eggs with a thinned shell or even without it.
When feeding geese with compound feeds, premixes or BVMK, geese do not face vitamin deficiency and other problems. You can cope with the pathology by introducing vitamin preparations, primarily fat-soluble ones, into the diet, for example, Tretravit, Trivitamin, etc. Avitaminosis D in geese should be treated not only with vitamins, but also with the addition of calcium to the diet. You can feed the layers with crushed shells.
Adult geese suffer from this problem. It manifests itself in the offseason, when due to a lack of sunlight and vitamins, the geese drops out the tongue between the jaws. It is also accompanied by inflammation of the mucosa. This is a chronic phenomenon that is extremely difficult to cure.
Pathology manifests itself when the poultry breeder neglects feeding the bird with the addition of feed containing trace elements. Stomatitis takes on a chronic form and develops more and more: the mucous membrane turns red and inflamed, after which there is a swelling and pain, due to which saliva and mucus are excessively secreted, it is difficult for the bird to eat, because it loses weight. In geese, egg production is reduced. A diverticulum forms.
Individuals with the manifestation of such symptoms are sent for slaughter. But you can try to cure the bird by treating the oral cavity with potassium permanganate. You can also flash the wallet at the site of the protrusion. After the operation, the walls grow together, the remaining part dies and falls off. As a preventive measure, it is necessary to draw up a diet in such a way that it contains all the nutrients and minerals in full.
It is important to find out the cause of diarrhea in goslings, as it can be caused by inadequate hygiene or infection. In any case, it is necessary to begin treatment with the correction of hygiene conditions.
The caterpillar is most affected by dehydration, so urgent action is needed. Traditional medicine recommends adding wheat bran to the feed of geese, as this product not only absorbs moisture well, but also contributes to the thickening of litter. This will only help if the goslings will not give up food.
You can try drinking geese using Furacilin, Tromeksin or any other means designed to combat microbes.
When there is very little space in the house, a lot of moisture and no good ventilation, while too bright lighting and a large number of birds, this leads to the development of this disease. It is also caused by the fact that in the body of birds there is not enough protein, especially this affects the development of chicks, their intensive growth provokes a lack.
The bird constantly cleans the tousled feathers, greasing them with fat, after which they become brittle, there is no fluff on the back, which causes severe wounds. Chicks can pull feathers and fluff from relatives, those that are weaker can die. A large number of birds in the house should not be allowed. You also need to try to get rid of dampness and excessive dryness, regularly take the bird for a walk so that it has the opportunity to splash in the water.
When revealing pecked individuals, it is necessary to settle them separately from healthy birds. As a prophylaxis, it is recommended to feed young growth with bran, grass, milk, eggs, whey, mineral top dressing, cottage cheese.
It arises from the nutrition of dry mixtures and the lack of plentiful drinking. This leads to shortness of breath, a constantly open beak, a shaky gait. It is not difficult to deal with the problem: pour 40-60 ml of vegetable oil and try to squeeze the contents out of the beak.
The cause of this disease is gross feeding disorders (imbalance of vitamins and minerals) or fights. Symptoms are similar to infectious cloacitis. When laying hens suffer from the disease, this is fraught with vitelline peritonitis or prolapse of the oviduct.
Goose can be treated by washing the cesspool with antiseptics. Set the oviduct, eliminate deficiencies in feeding.
Diseases of the genital organs of geese
There are several problems with the genitals of birds. You need to know why it is happening and how to handle it. What diseases of the genitals can harm geese:
This is due to the fact that the goose carries too large eggs, the bird suffers from frequent diarrhea or constipation, with inflammation of the cloaca or the ovaries. To cope with the problem, wash the precipitated organ with cool water, after which it is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and put into the anus. After the procedure, a small piece of ice is placed in the passage.
It is important to monitor the laying hen, as it can be difficult for her to lay an egg, so she will not do without assistance. The process of getting the egg is necessary with clean hands, previously lubricated with petroleum jelly.
This problem is only encountered by geese during the laying period. When the vitelline mass enters the intestine, inflammation develops. This leads to severe pain, the size of the abdomen increases, and body temperature rises.
This situation occurs due to inflammation of the peritoneum caused by the following factors: lack of vitamins, excessive protein content in food, shock, fright of the female. It is very difficult to cope with the disease, because there are many reasons. To eliminate the provoking factors, it is recommended to keep the house clean, to feed the birds well with quality feed, and not to allow geese to be crowded.
If it was decided to start breeding geese, they must take into account the fact that birds can encounter many diseases, which often leads to loss of livestock. Therefore, it is very important to carry out the prevention of diseases, observe hygiene conditions and feed the birds well.