Today there are many varieties of geese. Before you start breeding animals, you need to figure out which geese are considered the best. This article discusses the best breeds of birds so that you can make a choice.
The breed is exclusively for domestic purposes. The bird is not practical. It is excreted only for decorative purposes, because due to the complexity of the breeding it is very expensive to maintain.
Kholmogorsk geese puberty occurs in three years, while they live about 17 years. In order for poultry breeding to be profitable, you must adhere to the rules of hygiene, because otherwise the birds can simply die.
The disadvantage of the breed is low egg production - give 10-15 eggs per year. Also have a low survival rate of offspring - up to 50%. Although these qualities are appreciated in the animal.
Large gray (Ukrainian) breed of geese
A species of bird attracts with its unusual appearance. Geese quickly fatten, are unpretentious in care and food, have a large body, calm character and good health.
Adult geese can gain weight up to 7 kg, sometimes up to 9 kg. Females can lay up to 60 eggs per year; egg hatchability is 70%. This is a great bird for fattening and fatty liver.
Toulouse breed of geese
The animal has French roots. This bird is black in color, its weight reaches 12 kg, the goose weighs about 7 kg. The liver is also in demand, the weight of one product is up to 0.5 kg.
The goose is famous for its high growth rates, excellent weight gain, unpretentiousness in nutrition. Toulouse people are valued for their quick set of fat reserves and the quality of fluff.
The purpose of the maintenance of this bird is to obtain meat, fluff, liver for the preparation of paste. This bird is recommended to bake with apples during the Christmas period. The disadvantage of the Toulouse geese is the harsh conditions. The house should be at least 20 degrees, the room must be protected from drafts. It is important to maintain humidity.
Cons of the breed: low egg production and survival rate of offspring, sensitivity to temperature changes, the presence of drafts, high humidity, lack of maternal instinct.
Italian white breed
This variety came from sunny Italy. Birds are accustomed to a warm climate, but they can perfectly adapt to any urban conditions. Birds attract attention with blue eyes, snow-white plumage, a bright orange beak and paws.
It features a long neck, wings and tail. This breed can be characterized by harmonious addition. Italian white bird of medium size. By 16 weeks, the goose is gaining weight up to 4 kg. During this period, you can send geese for slaughter. Adult birds can reach up to 6 kg. Such a breed is in demand for cooking smoked meat, since it is not typical for a goose to accumulate excess fat.
It brings up to 50 eggs a year, but sometimes it is possible to collect up to 90 pieces, since the breed quickly reaches puberty and begins to rush early. Eggs can be harvested twice a year. About 90% of the chicks hatch from all eggs, most of which can boast excellent health.
The breed is also in demand for the preparation of liver paste, collection of fluff and feather. The negative sides of the birds of this breed include the complete absence of maternal instinct. It is unlikely that it will be possible to grow this breed without an incubator.
Legart of Denmark
Often animals are bred for fluff. Up to 0.5 kg of fluff can be obtained from one bird per year. Starting from the age of 12 months, cut down, repeating the procedure every six weeks.
Legard is a gentle and sensitive bird that needs warmth and good care. You can feed the bird throughout the year with a uniform diet. As for the temperature regime, then it can be the same.
Disadvantages of the breed: low egg production, minimum survival rate of offspring, the need to grow birds in an incubator.
This is a fresh breed bred by crossing the Italian and Shadrinsk goose. An adult male reaches 4-5 kg of live weight, geese up to 3.5-4 kg. For a year, the laying hen brings up to 45 eggs. Governor geese are distinguished by good hatchability and survival - more than 95%. The breed has excellent egg production and high quality meat.
A popular breed valued for its high egg production. In one year, one goose brings up to 100 eggs. In addition, Chinese geese are valued for their high quality meat. But geese are not very profitable to breed for meat, because the weight of an adult male reaches only about 4-5 kg.
The disadvantages of the breed are poorly developed maternal instinct, as well as aggressiveness during egg laying. It is important to closely monitor livestock.
The breed brought from Denmark. Breeding a bird is beneficial for meat, the male weighs more than 13 kg, the female - up to 9 kg. The advantage of birds is good egg production - about 50 eggs per year. Geese of this breed have good survival and vitality. Disadvantages of the breed: poorly developed maternal instinct, the difficulty of transferring the absence of a reservoir.
Ural white geese
This bird has good immunity, they tolerate various weather and climatic conditions, which is persistently transmitted to offspring. For a year, the female brings up to 50 eggs, the hatching percentage is more than 80. The weight of the Ural white goose is not very large, adult individuals reach about 5-6 kg.
It is difficult to call this bird not resistant to frost, but it is important to make floors in the house that will remain warm and dry. The optimum temperature for this breed is 18 degrees. The peculiarity of the bird is not pickiness in food. When breeding geese, the farmer focuses on obtaining meat, since their weight is about 6 kg. The meat of the Shadrinsk geese is very tasty and healthy. Goose down is very tough and not in great demand.
The liver of the Shadrino goose reaches 400 g, because birds are highly regarded among breeders.
The breed is low in egg production and geese weigh up to 6 kg. But the Tula geese are valued for their fighting qualities. It is easy to breed animals, because they are able to withstand not only severe frosts, but also extreme heat. They steadily endure all conditions, but you need to carefully monitor their nutrition - excess weight can cause a fighter to lose shape.
Kuban gray geese
This breed was bred by crossing Chinese and Gorky geese. They value the bird no longer for meat, because the goose weighs in the region of 5-6 kg, and for egg laying - for a year, the laying hen gives up to 90 eggs, of which about 85% of the offspring are hatched. The advantage of the breed is the high survival rate of the chicks. The disadvantages of the breed are the lack of maternal instinct, unwillingness to hatch eggs and raise chicks.
Linda geese are appreciated for quick weight gain - up to 7-8 kg. Geese reach puberty at 8 months. They have an average egg production - for a year, a laying hen can bring 45-80 eggs. Bird fluff is also considered valuable.
This is a good start for a beginner farmer. Linda breed is very unpretentious in food and care, the ability to quickly adapt to various weather conditions. With simple maintenance, you can achieve 100% profitability.
In order for geese to always feel good, it is necessary that there is always a lot of water in their drinkers. Due to the fact that birds prefer loneliness, it is recommended to equip nooks with blackout for them.
Looking for what purpose, the poultry breeder decided to start breeding geese: to collect eggs or sell meat, you need to responsibly approach the task of choosing the breed of geese. But we must not forget that only with proper care can you get high-quality meat and large eggs for sale.