The right choice of poultry for breeding in small and small farms is an important task for farmers. Chicken is conditionally divided into several types: egg, meat and egg, meat, cross and broiler. Meat chicken is a breed of poultry that is valued on the farm for its meat. Containing them is much more difficult, but more profitable. Egg breed is a poultry that lays eggs. Caring for them to farmers is not a hassle. Which of these breeds to choose, decide the owners of farms. But there is an amazing breed of poultry that has all the qualities. This chicken Foxy chick (Foksichik) - meat-egg breed, also called Red bro. Laying a year can give up to 300 eggs. This species also refers to broiler meat, it is fatty and tasty.
Characteristic Red Bro or Foxy Chick
The chicken has a beautiful name because of the color scale of its plumage, a richly red hue. "Foxy-chick" in translation from English means "fox chicken." They brought these wonderful birds from Hungary. The owners of the farms called this bird “red broiler”, its second name is “Hungarian giant”.
Most representatives of the foxy chick breed fully comply with the breed standards, since its characteristics are very persistent.
Distinctive features of Foxy Chick:
- The bird's head is small, the color of its eyes is orange, its beak and legs are yellow.
- Chicken from other breeds can be distinguished by the structure of its body. The carcass is large and strong, not tall, has a wide back and chest.
- The color of the plumage of a laying hen is bright red, may be with a brown tint.
- The plumage density is high, which is good for harsh climates. The bird is well tolerated by frost and cold.
- The crest of the chicken is medium in size and slightly inclined to the side.
- Chickens from this breed of birds grow first up, and then begin in breadth. Because of this feature, farmers sometimes confuse chicken with other species.
- Special food for this breed is not required; they eat the same compound feed as for laying hens . You also need to supplement with greens.
- The advantage of Foxy Chick poultry is 100% survival of hatched chickens. This is how it differs from other breeds of chickens and broilers, which have a high non-survival rate.
The foxy chick breed is distinguished by its special feather density, well-developed broad breasts and massive strong yellow legs.
Foxy Chick do not get along well with other breeds of chickens and need to be kept separately.
The Hungarian cross-country has a short-tempered temper, constantly fights, but only among themselves. Roosters stand out with increased pugnacity, therefore it is advised to keep one male in the chicken coop. If you contain several breeds at the same time, a foxy chick can kill an alien. Moreover, fights are arranged from scratch.
Poultry farmers say that the birds are calm and active, but quite noisy. When someone comes up to the fence, they start to cackle and flap their wings.
You cannot call the calm nature of the bird. Foxy chickens are very cocky chickens and therefore it is not advisable to keep them in a general house.
Pros and cons of the breed
The advantages of poultry include:
- Profitable breeding of chickens from an economic point of view;
- the survival rate of chicks and adults is almost 100%;
- chicks are rapidly gaining body weight;
- chickens are not whimsical, quickly adapt to different weather conditions;
- differ in high egg production.
The disadvantage of cross-country is that when breeding they need to be crossed with other representatives of birds. The owners of the farm recommend Orpington or Rhode Island breed for chickens, it all depends on what the owners want to get: meat or eggs.
About other meat breeds of hens can be found here .
The downside for raising chickens of this breed in Russia today is that their number here is still small.
Layers Foxy Chick can hatch their and other chickens. One individual gives life to 10 chickens at a time. Hens are patient in this regard, they will not leave the nest unnecessarily and will not allow the eggs to overheat or cool.
Red bro or Foxy Chick are considered large home crosses, gaining up to 4 kg of weight with good nutrition. Roosters reach 6 kg. Meat - An egg breed of chicken grows slowly. But investing in them is more profitable, since they are a universal breed.
Foxy chick meat contains a little fat and is therefore good for people on a diet. It is recommended for diabetics and overweight patients.
High productivity, despite the fact that the character of chickens is not the most pleasant, has made the breed very popular.
The advantage of the Hungarian cross - a rapid increase in body weight. The weight indicator is considered the main one for farmers when choosing the right bird.
Mass of chicken and rooster
Foxy Chick is a meat-and-egg breed. Raise it to get tasty meat and eggs. Chicken usually weighs from 3 to 4 kg, rooster - from 5 to 6, 5 kg. Individual individuals reach seven kilograms.
You can’t overfeed the chicken, as it will carry less eggs. If it weighs more than 4 kg it needs to be chopped off, there will be little sense from it.
Chickens are actively gaining in growth and appearance healthier than other poultry. Chicken development table by day:
|Age / day||Body weight / gram||Percentage As Growth|
Hens begin to lay eggs from 4 months. About a month will pass before the bird begins to lay eggs normally. For a year, the Hungarian cross brings 250 - 300 eggs, which is considered a great indicator in comparison with other domestic chickens.
It is said that a laying egg lays one egg per day. Meat - egg chickens in comparison with egg breeds bring 15% less eggs and the rate of 300 eggs per year is very high.
The egg production of this breed of chickens depends on weather conditions.
In winter, the productivity of chickens decreases. Moulting also affects this process. To increase egg production, farmers artificially reduce daylight hours. They molt for about two months.
Read more about keeping hens in winter at home here .
Owners of chicken coops recommend removing grain from the menu at this time. When the chicken begins to be covered with new feathers, cereals can be introduced. VA until the molting process is completed, you can give germinated oats and sunflower seeds.
One egg weighs 60-70 grams, large enough, the color of the shell is light brown or beige. The structure of the shell is dense. Their size increases with the maturation of the chicken, reaching a maximum size a month after the first laying, but after passing the peak of productivity they begin to decrease again.
Laying hens of the Foxy Chick breed, during the egg period, lay about 300 eggs weighing 70 grams.
The disadvantage of chicken is a short period of productive egg production. Somewhere about a year. If the chicken has reached the age of two, after reducing the laying of eggs, it is chopped for meat.
Varieties of breeds
Color broilers are divided into two types: Red Bro (Foxy Chick) and master gray.
Red bro are relatively healthy chickens that are grown without the use of drugs (antibiotics). The red broiler is famous for its delicious meat and high egg production. These chickens can be compared with broilers Master Gray. Red Bro differs from Master Gray in 100% survival. Raising red broilers is more profitable than Master Gray.
A more detailed description of the breed of Master Gray chickens can be found in this material .
The name Red Broiler is great for this bird and matches its appearance.
Master Gray poultry is not inferior to the red broiler in benefits, although it is noted that it carries eggs slightly less. Also, the short period of productivity and the lack of instinct of hatching eggs in birds can be attributed to the disadvantages of this breed.
The appearance of the hens is slightly different, in many representatives of the cross the plumage color is gray-white. Feathers may have black or reddish spots.
The advantages of these individuals in a calm nature, do not arrange cock fights. Another minus of this cross is that the chicks appear small. Individuals grow quickly, but their plumage is slightly slowed down.
Master gray chickens belong to the meat-and-egg direction and are hybrid birds. Therefore, it would be more accurate to call the master gray chickens not a breed, but a cross.
Keeping and growing chicken, laying hens
Cross Foxy Chick is unpretentious, gets along in any climatic zones, is not afraid of a cold and can be in a room without heating. The main thing that can be done is to insulate the floor with sawdust, peat or straw. This organic layer generates heat and the coop heats up.
In summer, the room often needs to be aired. The enclosure - a place for walking - is being built on the south side of the chicken coop. The fence must be set high so that the chickens do not fly away to freedom. From the chicken coop to the aviary the course is established. In winter, he should hide behind a shield. From three weeks old, the chicks begin to walk in the aviary, if the weather is favorable.
Inside the house, they put closed feeders, shelves and a container with ash for chickens (for cleansing from parasites). From the floor at a height of 80 cm make nests for birds.
Bacteria and other microbes that can harm birds are actively propagated in fresh air. To avoid this, timely process the walls and change the litter on the floor.
Chickens are well mastered in natural conditions and effortlessly get food, which is beneficial for farming in terms of feed for poultry.
The room must be kept at normal humidity and cleaned during litter, otherwise the egg laying will decline.
Nutrition Norms for Chickens and Adults (Feeding)
Red bro chickens are fed mixed feed for up to 21 days. To diversify the diet of chickens, add a mixture of grain with a chicken egg, gradually expanding (including vegetables and greens - clover, nettle).
Chicks enclosed in the house should be fed fish oil.
A little later, chalk, meat and bone and fish meal are added to the food. Adults are fed with barley, corn, wheat porridge.
Take care of the constant availability of fresh water, this is important because all food is dry.
Approximate standards of feed for chickens, g per head per day
With a sharp change in feeding products, Foxy Chick loses his appetite, the transition from compound feed to main food should be smooth.
Chicks need lighting to develop well. For the first time, 10 days of life, the light works around the clock. . In the first 5 days of life, the optimal temperature to maintain is 30 degrees. In a month they will have enough 20 degrees of heat.
The red broiler or Foxy Chick are large individuals, so keep them on the floor, because they are convinced that the bird will not fly due to its large body mass. Some farmers report remarkable flying ability for chickens. To do this, you need to install a wooden perch at a height of 80 cm.
A prerequisite for maintaining the health of the farmyard is clean water. Water containers are installed so that the chickens could not climb in there with their paws, otherwise the water will be dirty and will have to be changed each time.
Chickens of the Red Broiler breed are not demanding to care for and there is no need to provide them with special conditions of detention.
Features of breeding meat and egg breeds at home
To breed Foxy Chick chicken, crosses are crossed with roosters of the genus - islands or orpingtons.
- Breeding eggs are selected medium size
- Before laying in the incubator, check for damage.
- Set the desired temperature
- Then, using the ovoscope, the incubation period is monitored
If Red Bro is crossed with orpington, chickens and roosters grow large and the meat is of good quality. In the second case, everything will remain, as it is (with individuals of the genus - islands). Hungarian cross-country chickens cost a lot. Some sellers give out other individuals for their appearance. In order not to fall for their bait, it is worth buying them in special nurseries.
Diseases of the Cross
Compliance with feeding rules and hygiene requirements helps the chicks survive by almost 100%. Preventive vaccinations and compliance with the rules for caring for poultry are all that is necessary for the well-being of these crosses.
Foxy chick is a hardy cross, almost never gets sick.
If there are errors in the care of chickens, they have the following diseases:
- intestinal infections, worms, ticks. Ticks stick to birds and drink blood. Feathered itch begins to bother and appetite disappears. You can help the bird using insecticides. An ash bath will also help.
- Coccidiosis The disease is poorly tolerated by chicks. Chickens eat poorly, loose stools occur, limp is noted, feathers become tousled.
- Pasteurellosis. The disease is not treated, so the bird must be disposed of. As a prophylactic, levomecitin tablets are given.
- Marek’s disease is also not treatable; there are only preventive vaccines. Its symptoms: convulsions, lameness, discoloration of the eyes, wide goiter.
You can read about broiler diseases here .
Bird parasites can infect from the inside. To combat them, deworming is carried out twice a year.
In this video we see the pros and cons of meat and egg cross-country Foxy Chick after a year of maintenance.
- Cross called Foxy Chick is the best-characterized hybrid meat - egg breed
- In the care, cultivation and maintenance is unpretentious.
- Productivity for meat and eggs at the height.
- Outwardly, the Foxicik chicken is attractive, like Redbro, with a dense plumage.
- Chicken Survival - 100%
- With proper care, they practically do not get sick.
- This breed has a weak maternal instinct, so it is advisable to use incubators to breed them. A good model of the budget category is the incubator "Lay" .
You can read about the correct incubation of chicken eggs in this article .