The Hungarian giant breed is deservedly popular with poultry farmers. These hens grow quickly, rush well, give a lot of tasty meat, and adapt to any climate without any problems. We will find out what these handsome men look like, how to breed and feed them - further.
By the name of the breed, it is easy to guess that it was bred by Hungarian breeders. The giants were obtained after a long, many years of crossbreeding of local Hungarian breeds with Orpington - English meat and egg breed. When breeding, breeders set a goal - to get chickens fast-growing and frost-resistant. On the exterior, the Giants are very similar to the Master Gray Breed and the Magyars.
Hungarian giants are often called red broilers for their characteristic red color.
Description and Standards of the Hungarian Giant
The name of this breed contains key information - the origin and the main characteristic of productivity. The Hungarian giant differs from ordinary laying hens in its impressive size and weight. In order not to buy ordinary instead of thoroughbred chickens, it is useful to familiarize yourself with the characteristic features of the breed in advance.
The giants, indeed, are very large, they have a massive body, as befits the descendants of the Kokhinkhins and Orpingtons. Having a small stature, the bird seems squat.
Characteristic signs of the exterior:
- The carcass is square and barrel-shaped.
- Chest and abdomen - clearly defined.
- Legs are powerful, yellow, without fluff.
- The wings are powerful, tightly pressed to the hull.
- The skeleton and muscles are well developed.
- The plumage is red-red, on the hips and keel - especially magnificent.
- Feathers are hard, with a warm layer of fluff.
- The tail - in females it is small, and in roosters - clearly stands out and painted black.
- The head is neat, with a small beak rounded on the edge.
- The neck is elongated, powerful.
- Scallop - round, bright red.
The dense plumage of the Hungarian giants came from the Orpington, and to those from the Kokhinkhins.
It is difficult to describe in a nutshell the nature of this breed. Hungarian giants - typical hens, with all shades of "chicken" character - they are cheerful, restless and curious. However, poultry farmers are not given any particular problems. Compared to many other breeds, giants behave quite decently.
Only roosters are distinguished by a rude and absurd disposition. They actively defend their territory and “harem”, so it is undesirable to keep several roosters in a small herd. But, in comparison with many other breeds, giants are not aggressive, they are able to get along in a bird's yard with different animals.
In the mating season, males are separated, 6 chickens are left for one rooster.
The restless nature of this breed is taken into account when arranging the chicken coop. Everything is organized with maximum security, the partitions are made high, the nests are wide, the perches are low (up to 0.5 m).
An overview of the Hungarian Giant breed of chickens is presented in the following video:
Puberty and egg production
Like all meat and egg breeds, giants are balanced on the issue of egg laying - they are not champions in laying eggs, but they are quite able to cope with the tasks of laying hens. Laying eggs begin to lay in 4-4.5 months. The first eggs are medium-sized, with a light brown, medium-density shell.
While egg production is improving, eggs can have defects - an imbalance of calcium in the young body affects. Then the laying eggs lay larger eggs.
Not being an egg breed, giants rush through the day. But still, their egg production is higher than the average indicator of meat and dairy breeds.
Instinct of incubation
The hens of this breed have a well-developed instinct for a brood hen. They responsibly and calmly sit on the masonry, without putting the future chickens to the test - they do not go out for a long time, and watch the temperature of the eggs hatched.
The brood hen turns the eggs over for warming evenness. When chickens are born, the chicken takes care of their safety, accompanies the brood everywhere, and protects if necessary.
One mother hen is able to hatch 10 eggs at a time. Survival during natural hatching is almost 100%, which confirms the high quality of hatching. The task of the poultry farmer is to better feed the brood hen. In the process of sitting on masonry, her body is depleted.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of the Hungarian giants:
- high weight and large meat yield;
- high productivity in meat and eggs;
- easily adapts to different climates;
- a well-developed instinct of incubation;
- healthy offspring;
- high survival rate;
- fast weight gain;
- rather large eggs;
- high - for meat and egg breed, egg production;
- high immunity;
- resistance to temperature differences;
Compared to this list of advantages, the giants' disadvantages seem insignificant:
- short egg production - the chicken rushes for about a year, then it is allowed for meat;
- with irrational feeding, a tendency to obesity is manifested;
- exactingness to feeds.
In general, the breed has much more advantages, which is why it has maintained its popularity for so long. These chickens, not requiring special conditions, breed quickly and simply, no worse than rabbits.
Giants, referring to meat and egg breed, quickly gain weight. In terms of meat productivity, they are second only to the famous Hercules. But the Hungarian Giant is ahead of meat breeds in other important parameters - egg production and survival.
A distinctive feature of chickens of this breed is a pronounced relationship between nutrition and weight gain.
The breed is characterized by a balance of meat and egg productivity. This is very beneficial for small private farms focused on obtaining double benefits - meat and eggs. The meat yield is 60%.
Hungarian giant. Rooster, 7 months old.
Dynamics of weight gain by the Hungarian giant:
|Age months||Weight, kg|
|12||4 - chickens, 5 - cocks|
|Egg Weight, g||55-70|
|The number of eggs per year, pcs.||170-200|
Early maturity and taste of meat
Chickens grow fast. At 2 months, they weigh about 2 kg. They are sent to the slaughter in 3-4 months, by this time they weigh 2.5-3 kg. But the meat of the Hungarian giants remains delicious even after a year of life - it makes delicious broths.
On the palate, Giants' meat is tender and juicy, lean, dietary. It contains no more than 10% fat and a lot of protein. It is easily absorbed by the body and contains a luxurious set of vitamins - PP, B2, B6, it contains many amino acids and trace elements.
The most useful part of the carcass is the breast. And the legs and skin are considered the least useful - here the most accumulated harmful substances.
The breed is distinguished by fleshy wings - they are very tasty in fried form.
How to care for chickens?
Buying a productive breed is half the success. To get the maximum profit from the bird, favorable conditions are created for it:
- properly equipped chicken coop with a walk;
- full feeding in accordance with the regimen;
- maintaining normal temperature and climate indicators.
Climate and walking
The breed is characterized by increased resistance to temperature extremes and cold. What you need to know:
- tolerate frosts to minus 20 ° C without problems;
- chickens are let out on the street if the frost is not lower than minus 10 ° C;
- on frosty days, walking is short-term.
In order to maintain good physical shape, the Hungarian woman is walking on the street - a special fenced yard is equipped. Features of the walking yard:
- the walking area is approximately twice the area of the chicken coop;
- the fence is made of wooden bars and metal mesh;
- height of the fence - 1.5-2 m;
- spring walking area is sown with wheat, oats or grass - so that birds have green food.
The breed, thanks to its dense and dense plumage and excellent adaptive abilities, tolerates all natural disasters - heat, frost, high humidity. High-quality feather cover, like an Uzbek gown, protects giants in the winter from the cold, in the summer - from the heat.
Arrangement of a chicken coop
Red broilers have dense plumage, so they can live in unheated chicken coops - if the winter temperatures in the region correspond to the frost resistance of the breed. Giants are kept in insulated chicken coops, protected from drafts. Warm boxes are required for young animals up to 1 month.
Rules and features of arranging a chicken coop for Hungarian giants:
- Giants - a large breed, therefore, per 1 square. m should live no more than two individuals.
- In one room there should not be many roosters - in order to avoid fights. Maximum - 1-3 pieces per chicken coop. Males that are fattened for slaughter can be kept in cages without walking.
- The floor is earthen or concrete.
- Litter is required on the floor - from straw, hay or sawdust. The bedding is periodically ted up, and fresh as needed.
- The presence of perches is desirable. Perches are arranged taking into account the large weight of the birds - it will be difficult for them to fly to a height of more than half a meter. Perhaps content without perches.
- In accessible places should stand drinking bowls, always filled with clean water. You can learn how to make a drinker with your own hands from this article .
- In winter, lighting is needed - for 10-12 hours a day.
Before you add a new herd to the chicken coop, it must be disinfected. Litter is changed, the floor is sprinkled with slaked lime. They enter the chicken coop in replaceable shoes to carry microbes.
Read an article on how to make a chicken coop yourself .
Shedding and egg laying break
All laying hens have a period during which their body rests from the continuous laying of eggs. The pause is associated with seasonal molting - it begins in the fall, when the hormonal background of chickens changes due to a decrease in daylight hours. The loss of plumage is also associated with vitamin deficiency, stress and metabolic imbalance.
Seasonal molt lasts about two months. After this period, molting is completed, and the masonry is returned. Often, hens rush even more intensively than before molting.
During molting, chickens are given vitamin premixes, grated fodder beets and a lot of greens.
Loss of feathers can signal parasite infection. The house should be regularly disinfected, and laying hens should be treated with insect acaricides.
Herd replacement planned
One of the drawbacks of the Hungarian giants is the short masonry. As soon as the peak of egg productivity passes, the layers are sent for meat. The most productive period is one year from the time of puberty. Next year, the number of laid eggs is reduced by about a quarter. By this time, it is necessary to prepare a replacement for laying hens.
When grown for meat, the bird is slaughtered at 3-4 months of age. After this age, their weight remains almost unchanged, and meat only worsens over time. The cost of poultry is increasing, profits are falling. It turns out that every 3 months it is necessary to update the meat stock.
If the chickens are raised for meat, then the first batch of eggs is laid in February. In March, chickens grow up in a manger, in April - in a chicken coop with a walk. The next tab is planned so that a continuous cycle of meat reproduction is obtained.
How and what to feed?
Giants are large and weighty, but at the same time have moderate appetite. Proper feeding, rational and complete, will not only become a guarantee of high productivity, but also prevent diseases.
Principles of Feeding:
- Most of the proteins, fats and carbohydrates come from combined grain mixtures - they are bought or prepared independently.
- Different grains are used for feeding chickens, but wheat is the main source of nutrition. Also, the bird is given barley, oats, millet, rye, peas, corn.
- So that the hens do not have a deficiency of vitamins, amino acids and minerals, chalk, vegetables, grass, vitamin supplements are brought into their diet.
- In winter, cereal-mixers prepared on the basis of broth or backfill will be useful. Warm porridge in winter is not only a source of energy, but also heat.
- The bird is given clean cool water in the summer and warmed up in the winter.
- The feeding regime of an adult bird is 2-3 times a day. Feeding - regular, birds should be accustomed to the regimen.
So that the Hungarian giants quickly gained weight and gave a lot of eggs, they are fed with special compound feeds - a certain amount of proteins must enter the body of chickens. This is the way large producers, but summer residents and owners of small farms often feed this bird with leftovers from the kitchen and products from the garden. On such a diet, giants grow slowly, egg production decreases.
In order for the bird to get the whole set of nutrients, you will either have to buy compound feed , or prepare it yourself - from cereals and other ingredients.
Recommended Adult Poultry Diet:
To ensure that the livestock does not suffer from a lack of calcium, crushed chalk, shells or shells are added to the feed.
Breeding chickens of the Hungarian giant
When breeding giants at home, there are no problems with raising chickens, chickens of this breed do an excellent job of hatching. The second generation becomes more meat or egg, depending on who the cross will be made with.
Chickens are bred by any method - incubation or with a brood. Laid eggs are checked for fertility using an ovoscope. This device allows you to identify defects at an early stage.
Defects due to which the eggs are rejected:
- the air chamber is displaced;
- the shell is thin or has defects;
- age over 7 days.
Features of hatching eggs by different methods:
- In an incubator. Eggs for laying take the same weight, then the chickens hatch almost simultaneously. Rules for laying eggs in an incubator :
- eggs should have room temperature;
- eggs are turned at least 4 times a day;
- the incubation duration is 21 days;
- on day 5-1, the eggs are checked with an ovoscope to identify defective, without signs of an embryo.
- A mother hen. Hens express a desire to hatch eggs in spring and summer. The chicken claws, sits in a nest for a long time, pulls down fluff from its breast and lays a nest with it. Before laying eggs in a nest, wooden blenders are laid in it.
If the chicken seriously decided to incubate chickens, it does not leave the nest - the tricks are exchanged for real eggs. The nest settles in a calm, dark place - the hen should feel safe. This method of hatching is good only for private households; in industrial breeding of giants, incubation is used.
The chickens themselves bite the shell. When the chicks are completely dry, they are removed from the incubator. With natural hatching, the chicken independently controls the process of hatching and drying. Settle chickens in a day nursery - a small box. At the bottom - heating pad, to maintain the temperature of +30 ° C. On top of the heating pad is a clean diaper so that the chicks are not hot.
Requirements and features of care:
- Temperature during chick growth:
- 1st week - from +26 to +30 ° С;
- 2nd week - from +23 to +27 ° С;
- then the temperature is maintained at +19 ° C.
- Lighting - around the clock. A lamp is installed in the nursery, in which the intensity of lighting is regulated - over time, it has to be reduced.
- Regular change of diaper - the chickens should be clean, otherwise the risk of developing diseases increases.
The first meal of chickens is a chopped egg with millet. The drinker is filled with a decoction of rose hips or chamomiles.
When feeding use feed:
- chickens - “Start”;
- young animals - “Fattening”;
- at 3 months and before slaughter - “Finish".
Throughout the whole feeding period, the chickens are provided with fresh and clean water (+20 ° C).
Frequency of feeding chickens:
|Age weeks||Number of feedings, once a day|
Compound feed the chickens, focusing on the table with the norms - they are shown on the packaging with feed. Feeding schedule:
- In the first 5 days, the chick eats about 15-20 g of feed.
- On the 20th day, the chicken eats already 90 g of the starting feed.
- Then it is transferred to a feed mill. At 2 months, he eats already 150 g.
- From the third month, the chickens are transferred to the finishing feed - 160-170 g.
Diet of chickens using natural feed:
|Age||What is fed?|
|1-2 weeks||millet, minced oats and barley, cottage cheese, yogurt, herbs, chopped egg, grated pumpkin and carrots|
|3-4 weeks||millet is given less, eggs are not given, the grain diet is supplemented with boiled potatoes, yeast, fishmeal, chopped corn and wheat|
|from 5 weeks||fed with whole grains, mash mashines, vegetables and herbs|
Vitamin and mineral supplements are also necessarily present in the diet of chickens.
The Hungarian giant has good immunity, due to which the breed is characterized by high survival rate of young animals and low incidence. With good care and nutrition, there are usually no health problems.
In order to insure the herd against diseases, prevention is recommended:
- regular examination for the presence of blood-sucking parasites;
- vaccinations against salmonellosis and infectious bronchitis.
Hens of this breed can be affected by skin parasites and infectious diseases:
Any infection is accompanied by lethargy, decreased appetite, diarrhea. They treat chickens with antibiotics. In some cases, it is more profitable to send sick birds for slaughter, and treat the rest for prevention.
An important preventive measure in the prevention of infections and parasites is the regular disinfection of the chicken coop and all equipment.
Where and at what cost can I buy?
It is recommended to buy Hungarian giants in poultry farms - it’s more reliable. They, for example, are sold by the Veselaya Ryaba private farm (Kurgan) and the Komov Dvor farm (near St. Petersburg). Here you can buy daily chickens, hatching eggs and adult birds.
One egg costs about 80-100 rubles. The price of a bird depends on its age:
- daily chickens - 80-100 rubles;
- ten-day young animals - 600 rubles;
- a rooster for breeding - 1,000 rubles;
- layer - 1,200 rubles.
Pitfalls when buying a breed
The most reliable way to get purebred red giants is to buy in Hungary. Alone or through trusted intermediaries. If you buy this breed by announcement, you can buy a bird that has lost its parental characteristics. In these hens, with independent breeding, neither the qualities of the Hungarian giant, nor the parent breeds of the cross breed are preserved.
When buying from hand, you can purchase giants with the following problems:
- underdevelopment of the genitals;
- significantly less weight - chickens grow twice less than due;
- after the transition from starter feed to a normal diet, development ceases.
To get hatching eggs at home, the Hungarian giant's hens are covered in Orpington or Rhode Island roosters . A splitting of traits that disappear over time is naturally observed, which is why a crossbreed is sold on the markets and on private farms that does not produce the declared productivity.
More than others, the Hungarian giant looks like Hercules. These hens are distinguished by their large body weight. Roosters grow to 4.8 kg. The egg production in Hercules is higher - up to 300 eggs per year. But this breed is sensitive to conditions of keeping and feeding. If you violate the rules of detention, it is impossible to achieve the declared productivity.
Nina G., amateur poultryman, Lgov.
Hungarian giants selected for breeding for sale. I bought eggs, young growth hatched without losses. I take care of them according to the rules - feeding, walking, all according to the regime. They are responsive to care - they grow quickly, rush briskly. The meat is very tasty. I think Hungarian is an ideal breed for breeding in the private sector.
Rodion Sh., 47 years old, poultry breeder with experience, Belgorod region.
For me, Hungarians have become a good source of income. I feed with compound feed, but the costs of it are more than reimbursed after the sale of meat and eggs. The main thing is to promptly replenish the stock with thoroughbred material. Breeding crosses is a thankless task.
The Hungarian giant will become the pearl of your poultry yard or poultry farm if you purchase the first generation of crosses. Choose bona fide breed suppliers and remember - you can get the desired return from the giants only with proper feeding.