Chickens, like other poultry, are susceptible to various infectious and viral diseases. To determine the ailment at the initial stage, carefully monitor the behavior of your wards. It happens that in the house some chickens fall to their feet and do not stand up. This is a clear sign that without your help and appropriate treatment, the chicken will die.
Diseases in which chickens fall on their feet
There are several reasons for limb weakness in chickens, in which standing on the legs for birds is problematic due to pain and violation of the structure of the musculoskeletal system. These include:
- vitamin deficiency and mineral deficiency in the body;
- adverse conditions of detention;
- diseases of a viral and infectious nature;
- congenital malformations;
- mechanical damage.
Consider the most common diseases in which chickens fall on their paws.
In addition, we recommend reading the article about paw diseases in chickens .
This disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- lack of appetite in birds;
- shakiness in movements;
- complete immobilization;
- soft eggshell.
The main reason for the appearance of rickets is considered to be a lack of vitamin D production by the body, and, consequently, the impossibility of assimilating phosphorus and calcium. Bones and joints lose their strength, with time they are destroyed and deformed.
The disease rarely affects adults and chickens that are raised in pens, in open areas. For prophylaxis and treatment, let the birds out into the fresh air daily to expose them to solar radiation and produce “sun vitamin”. Use preparations containing vitamin D and additional UV exposure to livestock.
Lameness is not an independent disease. It only indicates the presence of deviations in the health of chickens, is the main symptom of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. It appears when:
- wounds and cuts of limbs;
- dislocations, bruises, fractures of the legs;
- inflammation of the tendons and muscles of the ankle;
- diseases of the nervous system and kidneys;
- rapid weight gain.
If lameness is detected, examine the birds. Chickens may not get up due to pain or discomfort in the limbs even with minor trauma, because when lifting, the load on the legs increases, and symptomatic pain increases.
Gout (uric acid diathesis)
The symptoms of the “disease of the kings" are as follows:
- minimum mobility;
- the appearance on the joints of bumps;
- swelling of the extremities;
- sluggish appetite;
- weakness and exhaustion.
Disorders in nutrition, an excess of protein in the diet and a failure of metabolic processes in the body lead to the appearance of the disease. As a result, uric acid and salts accumulate in the joints in the form of deposits. The movement begins to respond with pain and the birds try not to get up, and over time they can no longer rise.
At the first symptoms of the disease, let the birds out for a walk as often as possible, optimize the diet. Take away all foods that are high in protein, especially meat and bone meal, and enter an increased volume of fruits and vegetables.
Tenosynovitis - inflammation of the tendons - often sick young individuals in the feed mill. Symptoms and course of the disease are similar to non-viral arthritis.
The disease in chickens is manifested by lameness, pain in the legs, with an advanced disease, the birds do not stand up at all.
Against the disease, antiviral drugs and antibiotics are used for a weekly course. The effectiveness of treatment depends on the stage at which the diagnosis was made.
Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is manifested by the restriction of the mobility of chickens and the pressing of the legs to the body, the joints swell, the limbs “burn”. The disease occurs due to unfavorable conditions for keeping birds, when the infection gets even into small lesions on the skin of the limbs. Osteoarthritis is caused by staphylococcus contained in feed, premises and other infected sources.
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. The disease may occur due to an unbalanced diet or may be viral in nature.
Treatment is symptomatic. Bactericidal drugs and antibiotics are used. Sanitization of the chicken coop and nests is carried out.
The causative agent of the disease - the herpes virus - affects the nervous system and eyesight of birds. It manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- eye color changes, the pupil becomes narrow;
- paralysis of the goiter and blanching of the crest;
- swelling occurs on the joints and bones;
- the nature of the gait changes, movements are difficult.
The disease progresses rapidly, infection of all individuals is possible in a short time. The last stage of the disease completely paralyzes the birds and deprives them of vision. The bird is dying.
The disease is not treated, when diagnosed, the entire population is destroyed. The preventive measure is vaccination of young animals.
Curvature and curly fingers
The curvature of the fingers in chickens is characterized by becoming when walking on the side of the paw. When curly fingers are bent inward. The gait is shaky.
Such defects occur due to genetic abnormalities or as a result of hypothermia and mechanical damage. It is not possible to cure or fix finger defects in such cases.
The causative agent of the disease is a subcutaneous scabies mite. It manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- the formation of scaly growths on the legs of birds;
- the appearance on the paws of a white coating;
- dermatitis and scabies manifestations;
- change in gait;
- numbness of the fingers.
The tick multiplies at a very high rate, therefore, if signs of knemidocoptosis are detected, it is necessary to treat the chicken coop and plant sick individuals.
Acaricidal drugs are used for treatment. Dilute the medicine, according to the instructions for use, and then lower it into the solution of the paws of the bird for 1-2 minutes. If necessary, carry out a similar procedure after a week.
Perosis is manifested by displacement of the joints, thickening of the paws. This is due to the weakening of ligaments and tendons in the limbs of birds.
Chickens with a lack of receiving manganese through food are at risk. In addition, the provocation of the disease causes an acute deficiency of the following components:
- pantothenic, nicotinic and folic acids;
The disease is irreversible, in addition, chickens from sick individuals inherit the disease.
To prevent the disease, a diet rich in essential elements is introduced into the diet and vitamin and mineral complexes are used.
Chicken Reovirus Infection
The disease caused by reovirus in the initial stages does not have obvious characteristic signs and symptoms, except for lameness, lack of appetite in chickens and blanching of the skin. In the advanced stage, the bird cannot move due to rupture of ligaments and tendons in the lower leg, as well as destruction of cartilage.
If changes in gait, lameness or immobility of chickens are sudden in nature, inspect the paws of birds for damage. For cuts and wounds, treat them with an antiseptic solution. In case of severe damage, apply a bandage and isolate the bird from the rest of the flock.
To prevent mechanical damage, create a safe environment for birds in the chicken coop and in the pen. Remove excess traumatic objects and equipment; when fishing, do not grab chickens by wings and legs. Optimize your diet so that the bones are strong, immunity is healthy.
Tendon displacement and inflammation
Displacement and inflammation of the tendons is determined by:
- twisted limbs;
- complete immobilization.
Due to the impossibility of movement, chickens cannot get food, they are starving. A provocation of such an ailment is an unbalanced diet, a deficiency in the diet of B vitamins. In the risk group, individuals who are fattening, whose growth is growing rapidly.
Tendon displacement is not completely cured, because the cause of the development of the disease is in genetics. It is advisable to send birds with such problems for slaughter.
Signs of frostbite include:
- cyanosis of the skin of the legs;
- swelling of the limbs;
- blanching with subsequent blueing of catkins and scallops;
- shaky gait;
- labored breathing;
- foamy diarrhea.
Occurs after being in severe frost. With severe frostbite, it is impossible to help the bird, since the tissues are destroyed and die off due to necrosis. In the first stage of frostbite (hypothermia), the limbs are rubbed with goose fat or petroleum jelly.
In what cases is it necessary to consult a veterinarian?
If you notice that some chicken fell on its paws, then you should examine the birds yourself. In case of mechanical damage, provide medical attention.
If, in addition to limp and a decrease in motor activity, there is such an indicator as a soft egg shell, then revise the diet of birds, adding to it a vitamin-mineral complex, boiled vegetables and fresh herbs.
If you have more severe symptoms, ask your veterinarian. He will establish the causes and diagnosis, prescribe the necessary drugs.
Prior to arrival of a doctor, sick birds should be isolated from the general composition.
With self-medication, you can make a mistake with the choice of drugs and their doses, thereby causing irreparable harm to chickens.
The sooner the breeder turns to the veterinarian for advice and calls him to examine the livestock, the more likely it is that the loss in the livestock will be minimal and the disease will recede.
Preventive measures are summarized as follows:
- A balanced diet and the addition of vitamin and mineral supplements (Tricalcium phosphate).
- Sanitary treatment of the chicken coop and aviary, their compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards.
- Vaccination of young animals.
- Livestock care, providing microclimatic conditions in the chicken coop.
- Providing daily walking for chickens.
- Do not thicken the stock, provide enough space for birds.
- Release new individuals into the common herd only after quarantine measures.
Falling chickens on their feet is possible with numerous diseases. Preventive measures and monitoring the livestock of chickens, as well as timely examination of the veterinarian and treatment, in most cases prevent the death of birds, and therefore the loss of the breeder.