With the help of domestic sheep, a person can satisfy himself with clothes, carpets and delicious food. Romanov sheep are highly fertile, and females have a great maternal instinct, thanks to which the lambs quickly gain weight. This breed, which occurred in Russia, is now bred all over the world, because they are hardy and adapted to any even severe weather conditions.
Description and Origin of Sheep
Sheep are divided into several groups and if we talk about the Romanovskaya breed, then it belongs to the family of short-tailed, having a short tail, not having fat. The most common area in which Romanov sheep are raised is Russia and the North of Europe. Sheep can graze on pastures with monotonous and rather scarce food and still gain good weight. Sheep also tolerate both harsh winters and hot summers.
The best sheepskin is obtained from these sheep, in addition to this breed is famous for a large amount of meat. In addition to the above countries, sheep in Kazakhstan, Belarus and Mongolia are popular. In these countries, sheep are kept mainly because of the sheepskin.
The sheep provided by the breed are completely different from their relatives. The cattle are large, and the tail is short, the hair is gray with various shades. Some females and males have horns, and some do not.
Sheep are divided into three groups, where the first has a rough skeleton, the second is tender, and the third has a large skeleton. Livestock with a strong skeleton are highly fruitful and have a long life span. These sheep produce the most valuable sheepskin. Appearance is as follows: wide chest, thick coat, gray sheepskin.
In the second group of cattle, the coat is coarse, and the skeleton is heavy. Females and males have a black mane. The sheepskin itself also has a black tint, and she herself is not very beautiful. These sheep are more common than the rest.
Sheep having a delicate skeleton have the following appearance: the head is long and narrow, the chest is also narrow, the withers are sharp, and the sacrum is drooping. The skeleton of such sheep is underdeveloped, and they are not distinguished by high survivability and fecundity. Wool prevails down about 1:10. The coat is white, but the sheepskin is not of high quality, because the fluff does not stay on it.
Sheep also differ from others in their fertility. At one time, the female can bring as many as three lamb, and it happened that a sheep brought up to seven lambs at a time. You can get 110 lambs from twenty females, since the mortality rate of newborn babies is zero. It all depends on the care, nutrition, and most importantly, the feed should be free of any impurities and growth hormones.
In addition to the fact that these sheep are meat and wool, they can still produce milk, less of course than cows, but better. Its quantity is small, but it is fatter and more satisfying than even a cow. Now you can calculate how much a sheep can give milk per year. For one lactation period, about a hundred liters of milk can be obtained from a female, but there are two such periods in a year, so 200 liters of milk are released per year from a sheep.
If you compare sheep with cows, sheep certainly have less milk, but no one holds one sheep, so there will be much more milk. Cows have simple periods, sheep are no exception to this, but at the time when it comes to one sheep, the second will give and so on, there will always be milk.
The meat of these sheep is very tasty, tender and juicy, in addition, it smells nice, which is typical only for sheep. The yield of meat from one sheep is 50%. The meat obtained from the six-month-old lamb is the most delicious and healthy. At this stage, the lamb weighs 35-40 kilograms. The carcass weighs 19 kilograms, and the meat comes out 11 kilograms, and the bones occupy only 4 kilograms.
Raising lambs for meat is a very profitable business, since one hundred grams of kebab is sold for $ 20. An adult ram weighs 90 kilograms, and some with good feeding reach as much as 100 kilograms. As for the female, her weight is 60 kilograms, but also with good feeding her weight can rise to 75 kilograms of live weight.
Scientists have found that the weight of a newly born lamb depends on how many lambs have in the stomach of a sheep. The same applies to the initial weight at the age of one hundred. If there is one lamb in the lamb, then the birth weight will be from 3.5 to 4 kilograms, if two - then the weight will be about 3 kilograms, and three or more - no more than 2.5 kilograms.
A lamb who is 100 days old will weigh 25 kilograms if he was alone in lambing, and if two or more, then their weight will be 16 kilograms.
The wool of such sheep is white and black, and it is extremely coarse. But based on statistics, the wool of Romanovsky breed is of high quality. Fluff and hair - this is what wool consists of, black hair, and white fluff, from this comes the mixed color.
The best time for a haircut is when the ratio of fluff to hair is 7 to 1, it is during this period that the sheepskin acquires a blue beautiful shade.
This point is very important, because with a lot of fluff, the thing will stray in a lump when worn. If there is a lot of hair opposite, then in this case the clothes will not be as warm as we would like.
Equally important to the farmer is the health of the sheep. If a sheep fell ill in the herd, then, of course, it will be easier to put to slaughter, but the farmer should not allow this. There are some rules for sheep care:
- Sheep should be vaccinated twice a year.
- Before and after winter, it is necessary to disinfect the premises where the sheep will live.
- New sheep are first settled separately for approximately 30 days, and if all is well, they are released to the herd.
Often, sheep get sick from hoof infections, this is due to the fact that they do not tolerate dampness and moisture. Therefore, they need to be kept in dry rooms, and before spring the hooves need to be trimmed. Anthelmintic drugs should be purchased from veterinary pharmacies.
It is necessary to feed the sheep all year round not only in full, but also diversity must be present. The question of what is necessary to feed the sheep, to get tasty meat, good wool and sheepskin can not be answered exactly, since it all depends on the capabilities of the farmer and in accordance with the norms.
Sheep has an overestimated metabolism, so the consumption of substances is high per kilogram of weight. The diet is determined on what the animal is holding on to, on its body weight and general condition.
The table shows approximate food rates per male per day:
|Straw||1.2 kg||1 kg|
|Vegetables (beets and potatoes)||1,5 kg||2 kg|
|Concentrates||300 g||300 g|
|Livestock weight||25 kg||42 kg|
|Daily Weight Gain||from 150 to 170 g||from 160 to 180 g per day.|
The following are the nutritional norms of the female:
|Feed||Walking period||Stall period|
|First half of pregnancy|
|Hay||1.3 kg||1 kg|
|Compound feed||300 g|
|Vegetables (potatoes)||500 g|
|Branch feed||1 kg|
|Food waste||1,5 kg|
|Second half of pregnancy|
|Hay from beans and cereals||1 kg||1 kg|
|Bran||300 g||300 g|
|Food waste||1,5 kg||1 kg|
|Compound feed||600 g||500 g|
|Branch feed||300 g||300 g|
|Vegetables (potatoes)||500 g||500 g|
Monthly Lamb Feeding:
|Feed||from 6 to 8 months||from 8 to 10 months||from 10 to 12 months|
|Hay||1 kg||1.2 kg||1,5 kg|
|Vegetables (potatoes and beets)||1 kg||2 kg||2 kg|
|Concentrates||200 g||250 g||300 g|
|Branch feed||1 kg||1 kg|
In the summer, instead of straw and hay, sheep walk on pastures where there is green and fresh grass.
The behavior of the herd must be observed daily, but in general it is easy to breed sheep. The fact is that lambs can do their own thing when they please. As farmers said, a sheep could become pregnant even during the lactation period. There is a plus here, because because of this, it can bring 3 or more lambing per year. Puberty occurs in four to five months, but during this period it is still not recommended to let go to the ram.
There is an opinion that it is possible to happen to sheep only when the female gains 80% of the mass from an adult sheep, this is about forty kilograms. An accident occurs at this moment, the duration of which is two to five days. The female carries a lamb for 145 days, and then independently gives birth without human help.
Three days before the intended birth, the sheep should trim the hair between the legs and around the udder. The female before childbirth often starts to get up and lies down and bleats loudly. Only three lambs have enough milk, so if the sheep brought more than three cubs, then they should be transferred to artificial feeding.
Advantages and disadvantages
Romanov sheep have advantages and disadvantages.
Among the advantages include:
- A very high-quality sheepskin that does not go astray and the things created on its basis are very warm. The coat is white with a blue tint, and the coat is transparent.
- High productivity and year-round reproduction.
- With hundreds of sheep you can get 300 lambs per year.
- They are ready to inseminate a sheep as early as 13 months, and pregnancy is shorter by a week than in other breeds.
- At the age of six months you can already get a valuable sheepskin, and at the age of eight months - excellent meat.
And now the disadvantages:
- Romanovsk sheep are very shy.
- Susceptible to lung disease.
- Sudden changes in temperature and humidity are poorly tolerated.
Sheep from the Romanovskaya breed are highly fertile, because one sheep can produce as many as seven live lambs at a time. Also from these sheep the most valuable sheepskin is obtained. The meat, especially the 6-7 month old lamb, is very tasty, aromatic, tender and juicy, and it is cooked very quickly.