Self-pollinating cucumbers, unlike ordinary ones, do not need pollination by insects. There are many such varieties for cultivation in open beds, in greenhouse conditions and universal. More details about each variety and their features are described later in the article.
What are self-pollinated cucumbers?
Self-pollinated cucumbers do not require the presence of bees, other pollinating insects or the intervention of a gardener to form an ovary.
Advantages of such plants:
- pollination does not depend on the presence of pollinators;
- the possibility of early planting;
- increased fertility - an order of magnitude more fruits are tied than in conventional pollinated varieties;
- there is no bitterness in the fruits;
- possess good resistance to the main cucumber diseases;
- differ from the congeners in a rich, pronounced aroma of freshness, delicate taste;
- unpretentious - ordinary care is enough.
The best varieties for greenhouses
At first, all self-pollinating cucumbers were intended only for cultivation in greenhouse conditions, where it is difficult to get insect pollinators. And now, this is the best option for this type of cultivation. In addition, they are grown as a balcony culture.
Comparison table of varieties of self-pollinating cucumbers for greenhouses:
|Grade name||Growing season, days||Fruit length, cm||The weight of the fetus, g||Productivity, kg / sq. m|
The variety is mid-season, bred by Rostov breeder A. Mashtakov.
The Dutch variety of the same name does not apply to self-pollinating.
Bred for cultivation in the spring-summer turnover. They are fresh, but canned and pickled.
Plants of average growth rates and medium-climbing, form 1-3 ovaries in each sinus. The size of the cucumbers is medium, the shape is cylindrical, the color is green with short white stripes. Zelenets is covered with small tubercles, a rare pubescence with white spines. Under good conditions, yield is excellent, fruiting is stable.
Resistant to most diseases. It has an attractive, presentation.
An early, very productive variety. Bred for planting in greenhouse conditions and as a room or balcony culture.
The bush is indeterminate, slightly branched with limited lateral branching, does not need to be formed. Fruits are tuberous, cylindrical, green with slight pubescence. When ripening, do not change color to yellow, do not bitter. Most fruits can be removed in the first month.
Resistant to most common diseases.
Early hybrid variety. Ripens on the windowsill, loggia, balcony. The fruits of universal use.
Medium or vigorous hybrid with few branches and small leaves. Up to 5 flowers are formed in a knot. Netherflower is rare. The fruits are cylindrical, dark green in color with medium-sized tubercles, short light stripes and white pubescence. The taste is great.
It is immune to powdery mildew and cladosporiosis, tolerant to the cucumber mosaic virus and downy mildew.
Early ripening, a hybrid with high yields was created for covered ground, but it is often planted in beds under temporary shelter. It grows well on a balcony or windowsill. They eat fresh, prepare salads and pickle. You can eat overgrown fruits, as they do not lose their properties.
This vigorous plant has shortened internodes, the bush branches, but not much. The central stem is constantly growing. Fruiting occurs on the lateral stems. In one node, up to 10 fruits can be tied. Vegetables are usually oval. The skin is delicate, bright green with white stripes, covered with large tubercles and white spikes.
This hybrid resists most diseases well. It tolerates transportation and storage.
Cucumber Zozulya F1 is an early high-yielding hybrid. Because of its size, it is better to use for salads, but also suitable for fresh consumption. It retains properties poorly during canning (it loses its density); preforms must be eaten as quickly as possible.
Bushes are weakly woven, lashes of medium length, the plant does not require stepson.
The flowers are self-pollinated, but for the best formation of the ovary, it is recommended to plant 2-3 male plants in 1 row.
Cylinder-shaped fruits grow, long, may be bent. The skin is smooth dark green with sparse, but large tubercles, white spikes. Inside - juicy, dense. It tastes great.
It has good resistance to cucumber diseases, in addition to false and powdery mildew, as well as to Fusarium wilt.
Varietal hybrid, can be cultivated in the spring-summer and summer-autumn periods. The best grade for the second revolution. Cucumbers can be used for pickling, pickling, fresh salads and even soups.
Srednerosly, well leafy bush, with a developed root system. Bunches of ovaries are formed in the sinuses (from 2 to 10). Fruits covered with small tubercles and white spikes have a cylindrical shape. Inside - dense, juicy, sweet, without bitterness.
Resistant to root rot and downy mildew.
Ultra-early hybrid. Cucumbers have a great taste both in fresh and in canned form. For the Ant variety F1, the optimal growing conditions are greenhouses, but it also grows well on the windowsill. It is capable of filling even with slight cooling, but if the flowers do not have enough sun, the ovary does not form.
Srednerosly plant, lateral shoots overgrows slightly. Requires mandatory garters. The foliage is medium sized, slightly wrinkled. In one node forms 3-5 fruits. Cucumbers are cylindrical in shape, even, slightly ribbed, densely covered with large tubercles with white spikes. The skin is green, with white stripes that extend to the middle of the fruit. The pulp is dense, crisp, juicy. There are no voids inside. There is no bitterness at the genetic level.
Resistant to major diseases of cucumbers.
It is an early ripe hybrid, universal use. Goosebump F1 shows a high stable yield in greenhouses and under shelter, but can be grown at home, on a windowsill or balcony. Fruiting is long.
The plant is indeterminate, large in size, with a small number of branches, which, on the contrary, are determinant. The formation of the ovary is bundle, up to 4-6 in one node. The fruits have pronounced rare tubercles and black spikes. The edge is not too dense. The color is green, from the base to the tip brightens and has light streaks. The flesh is crispy, without bitterness. Fruits that are not harvested on time, retain freshness, do not lose quality.
Resistant to most common diseases - powdery mildew and cladosporiosis. You should beware of root rot and downy mildew.
An early short-fruited hybrid is grown on a pickley. Can be planted on balconies and window sills. Suitable for harvesting for the winter and use without treatment.
A plant with the main growth force in the central stem, weakly branched - the number of lateral shoots is limited, the leaves are not large. Usually forms an ovary of 2-5 cucumbers. Fruits are smooth, cylindrical, tuberous with white spikes. Streaks of light shade are visible on the dark green skin. The pulp is juicy and aromatic, bitterness is absent. Ripe cucumbers are juicy, crispy, fragrant with a delicate crust.
Resistant to most cucumber diseases.
The best varieties for open ground
When growing in open field it is important:
- resistance to temperature extremes, cold winds and high humidity;
- short ripening period - for the northern regions and the middle lane;
- self-pollination - in short summer conditions.
Comparison table of varieties of self-pollinating cucumbers for open ground
|Grade name||Growing season, days||Fruit length, cm||The weight of the fetus, g||Productivity, kg / sq. m|
|Emerald Stream F1||44-48||28-50||150-200||5-7|
Early-ripening hybrid from Dutch breeders. Used for the preparation of salads, salting and preservation. Grown in open beds, in adverse weather conditions, you can build a temporary film shelter.
The plant is medium-large. Up to 3 ovaries appear in one node. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, short white stripes pass along a dark green surface, tubercles are small, spines are white. They differ in friendly ripening. They require regular harvesting 2-3 times a week.
Resistance to the main cucumber diseases.
Ultra early hybrid. The purpose is universal (the fruits are used fresh and are well preserved, salted and consumed in salads).
The bush is medium-branched. It must be formed and tied in time. The leaves are large. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, they are short, the color is green with slight spotting and light stripes. The peel is covered with medium pimples and white pubescence. The flesh is without bitterness, crispy and fragrant.
It resists infection with cladosporiosis, an ordinary mosaic. Shows medium resistance to powdery mildew.
Emerald Stream F1
Early ripe hybrid. Salad vegetable. It has a long and continuous fruiting period, tolerates temporary cooling, grows on shaded beds.
The plant is vigorous, weakly climbing, mainly with a female flowering type. On the bush, up to 5 cucumbers are formed simultaneously. A trellis or net should be used to support the fruits and stems. Zelentsy is elongated-cylindrical, can be slightly curved, tuberous, dark green with short light stripes, with delicate thin skin, with a small seed chamber, excellent sweet taste, very fragrant.
It is recommended to use protective gloves when harvesting, as the spikes are very prickly.
Does not suffer from powdery mildew.
Hybrid early ripening. The plant feels good, like a balcony culture. Cucumbers are good for fresh consumption, for snacks and pickled for the winter.
The bushes are medium, with the development of a central stem and medium weaving. The ovaries are formed in clusters. Leaves are small. Fruits in the form of a cylinder, gherkin type, dark green with light longitudinal strokes. The peel on them is thin coarse with white spikes. They have a bright cucumber aroma. The flesh is crispy, without bitterness. The vegetable is not prone to yellowing and overgrowing.
Complex resistance to diseases, germs, bacteria, pests and parasites.
Early hybrid. Suitable for harvesting for the winter, pickling, pickling and pickling, as well as fresh consumption. They are also collected in the gherkins stage. The fruits do not lose quality during transportation. In a cool room can lie up to two weeks. Can be grown under temporary shelter.
The stalk reaches a length of 1.5-2 meters, leaves are well developed, and there are few lateral stems. Each node can have 1-2 ovaries. Fruits are small, medium-hilly, with a slight white pubescence, cylindrical elongated. The pulp is juicy, dense, crunchy, without bitterness and voids, the seeds do not develop.
It is resistant to certain diseases, in particular, to cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew, vein yellowing virus.
Young early ripe hybrid of the gherkin type. Fruits can be harvested very small (pickles) - from 3 to 5 cm long. They are grown for fresh consumption, can also be used for preservation, pickled and pickled cucumbers are especially good. For cultivation, you can use temporary shelter.
Compact bush with short internodes. The height of the bushes is from 2 to 2.5 m. The shoots are woven vertically and practically do not grow to the sides. Leaves are small. In each node, up to 5 cucumbers are tied. The fruits of cucumbers Ekol cylindrical shape. The surface is hilly and the skin is covered with many small white spikes. The pulp is tender, crispy, without voids and without bitterness.
- pricklyness of cucumbers;
- if the crop is not harvested on time, the cucumbers will begin to barrel.
Developed immunity to major diseases.
As a result of the work of breeders to adapt varieties to different growing conditions, many hybrids have appeared that can be successfully grown both in open and in closed ground.
In open ground, the yield will be slightly lower than in the greenhouse.
Comparative table of varieties of self-pollinating cucumbers for universal use
|Grade name||Growing season, days||Fruit length, cm||The weight of the fetus, g||Productivity, kg / sq. m|
|Cupid 1801 F1||45-55||8-10||95-100||9-11|
|Emerald Earrings F1||42-47||8-11||100-110||12-14|
|Claudia F1||45-55||9-12||65-90||up to 25|
|Boy with thumb F1||35-45||6-8||50-65||10-13|
|Marina Grove F1||45-50||10-12||80-110||10-12|
|Matilda F1||45-55||8-11||100-110||To 10|
|Real Colonel F1||40-42||10-15||100-120||10-13|
Early ripening grade. The value of this variety is its versatility - suitable for both preservation and fresh consumption. Fruits are characterized by high portability and commercial qualities.
Large bush with dark green leaves. Cucumbers are cylindrical, covered with small tubercles and white pubescence. The color is saturated, dark green, brightens towards the tip. The pulp has a pleasant sweet taste, dense, moderately juicy. The skin is thin.
It exhibits complex resistance to diseases.
Cupid 1801 F1
Mid-early ripening hybrid cucumber gherkin. Suitable for fresh salads and canning, pleases with high productivity.
This is a medium-sized, long-climbing plant. The fruit is cylindrical, dark green in color, with short white stripes, tubercles are small, pubescence is white. The pulp is excellent in taste, without bitterness.
Cucumber Amur is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, olive spotting, powdery mildew.
It is considered one of the best early-ripening super-yielding hybrids of the gherkin type. The fruits are suitable for both fresh salads and for preservation for the winter, especially salting.
The bush is large, with an end point of growth of the main trunk, open, which facilitates the care and harvest. On one ovary, 5-9 fruits are formed. Fruits are cylindrical, smooth, moderate tuberosity, with light spikes. The peel is dark green. The pulp has no bitterness, with a sweet taste, medium density.
Cucumber Herman is resistant to most cucumber diseases.
Mid-season hybrid. Shade-tolerant and can develop in any soil with stable fruiting. The best taste is revealed in salads.
The bush is medium-tall and strongly braided, with well-developed lateral shoots. Ovary bunch. Cucumbers are elongated, regular in shape with fragrant juicy flesh, without bitterness with small seeds inside. There are no voids in the fruits. The skin is green, the stripes are almost invisible.
You can get the crop twice a season with good care. After the fruiting begins, it is recommended to harvest the crop every other day. The disadvantages include a large number of stepchildren, which must be removed on time.
It resists diseases well.
A relatively new early hybrid. The fruits ripen from spring to September. The plant easily sets a crop even in adverse weather conditions, drought-resistant. Zelentsy are good in salads, have good pickling qualities.
The plant is indeterminate, medium growth strength, medium-branched, moderately leafy. It features constant regeneration of shoots. The lashes are short, so the plant can not be tied. Leaves are rare, small in size, serrated. In one fruit node, 2-3 cucumbers are formed. The fruits are cylindrical, color - green without stripes and yellowness. They have a thin skin. The flesh is crispy, uniform, not bitter. Cucumbers do not outgrow with untimely harvesting.
The variety is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, brown spotting.
Hybrid of early ripening, very resistant to weather changes. For growth, it is necessary to water, fertilize and loosen the beds. Allows you to get excellent quality pickled and salted products. Not bad and fresh.
Srednerosly and srednepletisty plant. Zelenets is a cylindrical coarse-horned with white pubescence gherkin. The absence of internal voids, the preservation of crispness and elasticity after heat treatment are its main advantages.
It remains resistant to powdery mildew, so you can take a good crop.
A very early variety created by the Russian company Gavrish. Refers to gherkins. They are used in salads, salted and pickled.
Bushes of medium stature and weaving, 2-6 ovaries are formed in each sinus. The length of the fruit is small, in shape resembles a cylinder with tubercles and large spikes. Color - green with white stripes. Inside the fruit is very juicy and crunchy, not bitter. Productivity is high.
The variety is characterized by good germination of seeds, resistance to disease, unpretentiousness to agricultural technology.
Emerald Earrings F1
Early hybrid. Suitable for collecting pickles (3-5 cm long) and gherkins (5-8 cm). The fruits are universal in use.
A plant with medium branching and growth power. Ovaries form clusters of 8-10 fruits. Cucumbers resemble a cylinder of dark green color. Peel with medium sized tubercles and large spikes. Productivity is stable, high and friendly. Fruits are located on the main and lateral stems.
It has good immunity.
Vegetable culture of early ripening. The fruits have a good fresh taste, as well as with salting and pickling. It is considered one of the most productive. It is distinguished by the friendly formation of ovaries and the simultaneous filling of a large number of fruits, there are no empty flowers. Fruiting is stable and long - the entire period of plant vegetation. Type of green stuff - gherkin.
The plant is indeterminate, powerful, long-climbing with moderate foliage. The peel of the cucumbers is delicate and thin, often covered with small tubercles and white spiky thorns, has a strong cucumber aroma, there is no bitterness and voids.
Resistance to diseases above 70%.
Mid-early high-yielding hybrid. Cucumbers are gherkins. They are excellent at canned food, indispensable in the preparation of summer salads. Friendly return of fruits lasts 4-5 weeks.
It forms a powerful, medium-braided bush with unlimited growth. Empty flowers are absent. A large number of greens, located in bunches of 5-9 pcs. in the node. The leaves are medium-sized, wrinkled, with a small fleecy coating. The shape of a cucumber resembles a cylinder. The surface is finely tuberous, with pronounced snow-white pubescence. The skin is thin, dark olive in color. Cucumbers have a characteristic crunch, without bitterness. Taste is good.
The variety is immune to powdery mildew and root rot. It tolerates sudden temperature changes and adverse climatic conditions.
Early ripe hybrid. Suitable for salads, pickling and salting. Fruits in autumn frosts.
It has a strong creeping stalk. The leaves are covered with fluff and divided into 5 weakly wavy segments. In place of one leaf sinus, 2 to 6 ovaries can form. Fruits are cylindrical or spindle-shaped, bright green in color with white stripes up to half green, have a ribbed surface, small, dense tubercles, white spikes. Pubescence is frequent. There is no bitterness in the fruits. With untimely cleaning, cavities form inside, the contents dry out.
Resistant to disease. It has an average protection against peronosporosis.
Boy with thumb F1
A variety of early ripening. Zelentsy of the gherkin type. Good pickled, salted and fresh. They tolerate transportation well: they do not wrinkle or crack.
The bush is large, but weaves weakly. In one sinus, up to 5-6 fruits are formed. Scourges must be nipped, but not often. Small oval vegetables are covered with small tubercles, white spikes and pubescence. The color of the cucumber is dark green with longitudinal not long stripes. The skin is thin. Taste can be defined as sweet, without bitterness. They may outgrow and turn yellow. Fruiting lasts more than 2 months.
The plant is not infected with most diseases, but is susceptible to downy mildew.
Variety bred in Holland. Super early and fruitful. Resistant to adverse weather factors. It has high portability. Suitable for salads. For winter harvesting, both fully ripened greens and gherkins are used.
The bushes are medium-sized open type, leaves are small, pubescence is medium. Fruits are cylindrical dark green, large-tuberous, of good presentation. The spikes are white. Pulp - dense, sweet, with a characteristic aroma for cucumbers. Cucumbers are not prone to overgrowing and deformation, do not turn yellow.
It is resistant to many fungal, viral and bacterial infections.
A hybrid variety of early ripening. Gherkin fruits, they are eaten fresh and get an excellent conservation product. Easily tolerate transportation and have a long shelf life.
The bush is large, not very braided. The type of ovary is bundle. A node produces about 8 fruits. Quickly adapts to climatic conditions. The foliage is not large. The fruits are dark green with frequent large tubercles and white spikes. The pulp is juicy and dense, the seeds are small, the skin is thin. They have a bright fresh aroma, are not bitter and do not knit. In time, not picked fruits outgrow.
Resistant to the following diseases:
- spotty mosaic;
- olive spotting;
- angular spotting.
Marina Grove F1
An early ripening hybrid that tolerates shaded areas well. High-yielding bunch gherkin view, universal in use. Resistant to temperature conditions - can continue fruiting at temperatures close to 0 ° C. Its fruits have good transportability. Keeping quality is high - fruits can be stored fresh for up to 3 months.
Strong-growing culture, has long lashes. The lateral stems grow well, it requires the binding of the main shoot to the trellis. In one node, up to 5 ovaries are formed. The color of the fruit is soft emerald, the skin is dense, covered with tubercles and spikes of white color. At the same time, up to 12 fruits can ripen on each bush. Cucumbers are juicy, crispy, without bitterness.
Highly resistant to powdery mildew, olive spotting, cucumber mosaic and to all types of root rot.
Mid-early variety with good taste and attractive appearance. It is used without processing, and for preparations for the winter. Productivity is high, depending on growing conditions (garden or greenhouse). Fruits can be transported over long distances without compromising quality.
The bush is medium-sized, has an average climbing ability. Zelentsy short, cylindrical, usually grow in clusters of 6-7 pieces. On the rough dark green surface of the fruit are small spikes. The flesh is crispy, not bitter.
It has good resistance to major diseases.
Cucumber Masha A hybrid early ripe variety of gherkins. It is best used for the manufacture of canned food and pickles, and can be consumed fresh. Differs in amicable ripening.
Determinant bushes of medium weaving and openness, which contributes to easier harvesting. Leaves are medium, slightly wrinkled. In one node, you can count up to 7 ovaries. The fruits are cylindrical, pimply, dense, the color is dark green. The skin has light streaks and slight spotting. The taste is typically cucumber, sweetish. There is no bitterness in the fruits, it is laid down at the genetic level.
Does not get sick:
- powdery mildew;
- cucumber mosaic virus.
Real Colonel F1
An early ripe hybrid can grow on the balcony. Differs in good fruiting to the very frosts. It can be used for salting, although fresh fruits are still tastier.
A bush with medium branching, indeterminate appearance. Medium sized foliage. Fruits are tied in 3-4 pieces. in one node. Vegetables slightly curved fusiform, with white spikes and dense pubescence. The skin is thin, dark green in color with slightly pronounced light stripes, covered with rare, large tubercles. The pulp is juicy, crispy and aromatic.
Not afraid of cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew and root rot.
Early ripe culture. Often grown on pickles. Recommended for sowing when the soil warms up well. High yield is observed with good care, timely watering and daily fruiting.
The plant is distinguished by a powerful stem and semi-open weaving, which, together with small leaves, facilitates harvesting and allows less damage to the plant. Grown on a trellis or flooring. Zelenets is characterized by a regular shape, a flat surface of green, sometimes gray, with small tubercles. The peel is dense, the flesh crunches, without a bitter aftertaste, it does not form voids inside, therefore cucumbers are ideal for pickling and pickling.
It has immunity to diseases.
Early ripe hybrid. Cucumbers are universal, they are tasty in any form - both in a salad and in winter preparations. The plant pleases with the crop until the frost. They are also collected at the gherkins stage.
Scrub up to 2 m in length, whips easily give roots if they reach the ground. In the sinuses, up to 4 fruits are usually tied. The cucumbers themselves are in the form of a dark green cylinder with light stripes, white spikes. The pulp has no bitterness.
It remains resistant to many diseases, even if it grows in adverse conditions.
New highly productive, early hybrid. The fruits are good for fresh consumption, preservation and pickles.
The plant is compact, with friendly fruiting. Zelentsy have a dark green color, finely tuberous with a dense gentle pubescence, even. Inside they are dense, crispy, and completely without bitterness. But they require regular harvesting.
The variety is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, true and downy mildew, olive spotting.
Modern domestic hybrid. Zelentsy is removed at the stage of pickles, gherkins, or who have reached technical maturity. Consumption is universal. Differs in uniform, long fruiting and high productivity.
The plant is medium-branched with small leaves. Ovaries are located in leaf sinuses with bouquets of 3-4 or more pieces. The fruits have a cylindrical shape, dark green in color with short blurry light stripes. The surface is medium-hilly, with a loose white or brown pubescence. Cucumbers with a bright aroma and excellent taste, without bitterness. The pulp is strong, crispy, the seed chambers are small.
Tolerant to downy mildew. Powdery mildew - not sick.
An early hybrid, has a different name - "Furo". Suitable for pickles, pickling, eating fresh. The fruits have good transportability; they do not turn yellow during storage. Do not overgrow and do not overripe.
The plant is indeterminate, in greenhouse conditions stretches up to 3 m. Lateral shoots are small. The root system is well developed. The leaves are medium, long-leaved, slightly corrugated. In one sinus, up to 5 fruits can develop. Zelentsy are small, cylindrical, one-dimensional, even. The color is saturated green, without bright stripes. The skin is elastic, delicate, thin. The surface is medium tuberous; pubescence is white. The pulp is juicy, tender, elastic, fragrant, without voids. The taste is sweet, does not even contain traces of bitterness.
The culture resists olive leaf spotting, powdery mildew, and the common cucumber mosaic virus.
Among self-pollinated cucumbers, you can find varieties for any cultivation method - in greenhouses, open ground, universal. The main thing is to choose a hybrid that is suitable for the climatic conditions of the region, the agrotechnical capabilities of the gardener and his goals.