Growing cucumbers in the vast territory of the Urals, gardeners must take into account many nuances, the main of which is moody weather. Heat-loving vegetables are demanding of temperature, humidity and soil, but from the variety of varieties you can choose suitable for the Ural region. If you plan to plant vegetables in a greenhouse, varieties that do not need pollination are selected. For open beds, cold-resistant cucumbers are required.
Varieties and hybrids for open ground
In the Urals, the climate varies depending on the regions: winds blow from the north and south, sudden frosts occur. Greenhouse conditions are optimal for planting cucumbers in this region. In the greenhouse, they are protected from the wind, receive maximum sunlight and heat. But through the efforts of breeders (Russia and the Netherlands) hardy hybrids that have time to ripen in the open ground have been bred.
Early ripe species, bred at an experimental station in Western Siberia in the 90s. Ripens by 45-50 days after full germination. Pollinated. Harvest is formed together. Zelentsy have a length of about 10 cm, oval or ovoid, weight from 90 to 130 g. Taste characteristics in the opinion of gardeners are excellent, cucumbers are suitable for conservation. Ripe vegetables do not turn yellow, are resistant to bacterial wilting, but are affected by powdery mildew.
Marking F1 in the name means that this is a hybrid of the first generation, obtained by crossing two other varieties. From parents they take the best: strength, endurance, productivity.
One of the earliest hybrids ripening by 39-40 days, and standing out from among others super-friendly, powerful yield, high marketability of fruits. With 1 sq. m you can collect 10-13 kg of greens. The plant has short lashes, because the bushes are planted densely, 50x50 cm.
The hybrid variety Bumblebee is suitable as a pollinator. Vegetables of the Firstborn of a dark shade, with prominent stripes, medium-sized (9 cm). Coarse peel.
The gherkin type is a hybrid variety, for its intended purpose - for open ground and planting under a covering film. Its main advantage is high productivity, not less than 11 kg / sq. m. This hybrid pollinated by bees, early fruiting. The bush is medium-tall, greenbacks up to 10 cm long. Not bitter, ideal for salting, do not turn yellow.
Among the advantages of Artek are resistance to ashtray and other diseases, long successful fruiting. Of the minuses called exactingness to top dressing .
A young hardy hybrid, bred in 2013 for cultivation throughout Russia. Often it is planted to increase the yield of other species. Bumblebee bush is tall, up to 2 m in length. The fruits are neat, 10-13 cm each, dark green with light stripes. The taste is rated as excellent. Cucumbers ripen on day 40-45, the average yield is 4 kg per square meter. m
The advantages of this hybrid are high immunity, good transportability and keeping quality. But Bumblebee recommended film shelters for the winter.
The result of breeding work VNIIO Gavrish. Forms medium-sized bushes with a small number of branches. In the sinuses, 4-5 ovaries are formed. Sq. m collect over 12 kg of cucumbers. Fruits of medium length and weight, cylindrical, inside moderate density.
Pirouette is intended for preservation, not bad in salads. Resists known diseases: rot, cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic virus, etc., tolerates adverse environmental conditions. Infection with downy mildew virus does not affect the crop.
Bred in Russia in the 90s, this universal variety is an early hybrid - on the 45th day after germination, you can collect ripe fruits. It does not need pollination, it can grow in greenhouses, although it is characterized by increased cold resistance. The bushes are tall, leafy, ovaries from 1 to 3. The fruits of Miranda are medium (about 11 cm), with spikes of white color.
Hybrid resistance to many diseases is noted, except for angular spotting.
A universal pollinated early ripe hybrid from the Netherlands, yielding fruit for 50 days (on average). The high yield of the early harvest is a distinctive feature of Tumi. Under good conditions, they remove 300-400 kg / ha (up to 20 kg per sq. M).
The hybrid is powerful, easily tolerates bad weather conditions, tolerant to fungal, bacterial pathogens. Fruit bodies resemble gherkins in shape, but are more elongated. Crispy, with a bright aroma. The mass of each is 100 g.
The Soviet selection is a hybrid variety that has established itself with excellent taste, disease resistance, and keeping quality. Mid-season - the first crop is expected in the first half of June and harvested before the end of summer.
From one square in open beds they collect at least 5 kg of fruit. The size of cucumbers is 11-12 cm, weight 90-110 g. They have a light shade and rare stripes, crunchy, not bitter. Belong to salting type.
An early hybrid of cucumbers of the Dutch selection. From the sowing day to harvesting, about 45 days pass. From one square it is possible to collect no more than 10 kg of vegetables. The fruits of Ajax are of a gherkin type, medium-sized, bumpy, but possessing high commercial qualities, good taste.
This hybrid is not susceptible to the parasitic virus of the tobacco mosaic and ashtray (powdery mildew). It tolerates cold.
A variety of medium ripening time, bred in Siberia. Bushes are spreading, climbing. The approximate fruit size is 13-14 cm, weight is up to 115 g. According to gardeners, the variety is ideal for pickling and canning.
The firefly is susceptible to false ashtray, bacteriosis. In the Ural region, marketable productivity is not higher than 4 kg per square.
Universal hybrid from the Netherlands, characterized by good, consistently high productivity. 40 days after the first shoots, you can harvest. On tall medium-open bushes appear cucumbers 8-10 cm in length. Their flesh is not bitter, which is genetically determined.
Hybrid cucumber Meringue resistant to false ashtray, bacterial diseases. In open ground, you can collect up to 12 kg per square. m, in closed - up to 15 kg / sq. m
This variety of cucumbers, bred in the Netherlands, is appreciated for its great taste. Ripening is mid-early; ripe fruits of the gherkin type appear on the 43-48th day. They are neat in shape and salable, without thorns, with green tuberous skin.
The hybrid easily survives both drought and cold. Cucumbers are stored at a temperature of + 3-8 degrees. It is resistant to powdery mildew, cladosporiosis and other diseases.
Early ripening hybrid of cucumbers, bred in the Crimea, as a culture for all regions of Russia, in particular for planting in the Urals. The bush is medium-sized, there are not many branches. Fruit bodies are oval, tuberous, strong. Weight varies from 80 to 115 g. The taste of greens is excellent, crispy, suitable for pickling and spins.
The falcon is highly resistant to powdery mildew, bacteriosis. Gives a plentiful crop even in adverse conditions.
Early gherkin cucumber, optimal to grow it in the beds. Universal. The fruits have a strong aroma, thin skin, are good in appearance. The mass varies from 65 to 100 g. The leaves of the plant are small, relatively resistant to bacteriosis. The bush is compact.
The hybrid is not susceptible to brown spotting, less resistant to other diseases (ordinary mosaic, powdery mildew).
A sustainable hybrid pollinated by bees and suitable for cultivation in open soil, even in cold areas. Early ripening, from mid-July gives a plentiful and friendly harvest. The fruits of Neptune are exceptionally salable, smooth, neat, weighing 70-90 g. They are not bitter. The surface is covered with tubercles, matte. Marketability of the crop - 100%.
A hybrid from the Netherlands, intended for cultivation in the Central and North-Western regions of the Russian Federation. It forms a dwarf shrub, but the central stem grows without restrictions. Fruits are ready for harvest on day 50-60. Cucumbers are cylindrical, large, 10-14 cm long. Ideal in fresh form, have a strong aroma.
Trilogy easily tolerates diseases and resists certain fungi (cladosporiosis), but is affected by peronosporosis. Of the minuses called the inability to long-term storage.
Comparison table of varieties and hybrids for open ground
|Variety / hybrid||Ripening days||The average weight of the fruit, g||Average productivity, kg / sq. m||Type of pollination|
|A friend||45-50||100||4-5||bee pollinated|
The most productive hybrids
Some cucumber hybrids have established themselves as the most hardy and give excellent crops - both in the harsh conditions of the Ural region and in closed ground.
A popular hybrid among Russian gardeners, bred by Russian breeders back in the 70s. It is characterized by a stable high yield (12-17 kg / sq. M), taste without unpleasant bitterness. Zozulya cucumbers do not need pollination; ovaries independently form on the bushes.
Originally bred for greenhouses, it is planted in closed ground, and in harsh conditions, crops fall. Early ripening hybrid. The fruits are large, smooth, long (up to 25 cm), ripen at the same time.
Zozulya is resistant to diseases developing in the humid environment of hotbeds: rot, spotting, cucumber mosaic virus.
Unpretentious hybrid of domestic selection, resistant to low temperatures, lack of light and not requiring pollination. It is recommended for cultivation in autumn and winter shelters.
The bush grows up to 2-3 meters in length, forms a lot of side lashes. There are many cucumbers, they reach a mass of 180 g, up to 20 cm in length. Zelentsy with a thin skin, without seeds. Good for preserving and preparing salads. The early ripe hybrid, in favorable conditions, matures by day 35.
Disadvantage: poorly resists diseases and parasites (rot, powdery mildew).
Greenhouse variety suitable for cultivation and outdoors (pollination required). Late ripening. From the time of germination to the first ripe fruit, 51-59 days or longer pass.
This hybrid is salad. It is characterized by large cucumbers, the mass of which reaches 170-175 g, and the length is 15-17 cm. The shape of the fruit is fusiform. Hercules gives excellent yields, with good care up to 30 kg / sq. m
The plant is resistant to the mosaic virus of cucumber and spotting ordinary. It grows well in the shade.
Harvest cold-resistant hybrid, the purpose of which is salads and salting. Recommended for growing in greenhouses and under film shelters. An unlimited number of lashes form on the bushes.
Zelentsy ripen quickly in 1.5 months. Fruits of medium size, up to 15 cm long. Emelya is tolerant to root rot, ashtray and gives excellent yields - up to 30 kg / sq. m under ideal conditions, but in the Urals these figures are lower due to the climate.
A hybrid variety of Dutch breeding. An early ripe hybrid grown in any soil. Disease resistant. Forms a medium-sized branchy bush with large leaves. Cucumbers are cylindrical, short, small in weight (up to 110 g). The pulp is juicy, the seeds are small, green stuff is good for canning, because they do not have voids inside.
You can shoot both gherkins and pickles - very small cucumbers less than 5 cm in length. Harvested in several stages: most of the first "wave", the rest - in the next 1.5 months.
Self-pollinated hybrid variety recommended for cultivation in open beds. Suitable for greenhouses. Only female flowers appear on the bushes, 6-7 pieces on their ovaries.
Resistance to diseases is normal, productivity is more than 10 kg / sq. m in the fresh air. The maturity dates of cucumbers Masha are one of the earliest (from 36 days depending on the type of planting). The fruits are medium-sized, up to 100 g in weight and 8-11 cm in length. Crispy, with excellent taste. The hybrid resists cladosporiosis, powdery mildew, the cucumber mosaic virus.
Lettuce hybrid, mid-season. It was bred in Holland as a culture for open soils, but gradually moved to greenhouses. Insects do not participate in pollination of flowers. On tall leafy bushes, neat cucumbers appear; their length is up to 14 cm, the skin is dark green, the flesh is medium crispy. There are no voids in the pulp, which makes this hybrid ideal for salting.
When growing (private) cucumber in open ground, the yield is not high - about 4 kg / sq. m, in greenhouses, this figure rises to 17 kg / sq. m. Director is resistant to disease, but not pests.
A hybrid variety characterized by early ripeness, high yields. It can be planted both in open and in closed ground, harvesting from June to August.
Mares is unpretentious, not afraid of powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporiosis. Its bushes are tall, the fruits are even, salable, 10-14 cm in length. Cucumbers without bitterness, suitable for processing, good in salads.
In all weather conditions, this hybrid variety gives a wonderful harvest, from 8-16 kg / sq. m already from the first month of fruiting. When planting seeds in April-May, the first Zelentsy can be harvested in July and until September. Overripe cucumbers do not turn yellow.
Fruit bodies are large, each 9–11 cm long. The hue is dark, with lighter short stripes. Cucumbers have a pleasant refreshing taste without bitterness. We pollinate the calistrate, it is recommended to plant Bumblebee cucumbers nearby.
Ripening cucumbers for planting on the street, giving 11-16 kg per square. The plant is powerful, with a bouquet arrangement of ovaries, forms them up to 5 in each node. On one bush, up to 30 cucumbers can be formed, graceful, one to one. Fruits up to 16 cm long, weighing at least 100 g. Ripen completely by the 40th day.
Zelentsy tuberous, with white spikes, universal purpose. It is advisable to collect the first fruits at a young age, when they reached 10 cm.
Productive Hybrid Comparison Chart
|Hybrid||Ripening days||The average weight of the fruit, g||Average productivity, kg / sq. m||Type of pollination|
Greenhouse hybrids for the Urals
Cucumber hybrids intended for cultivation in greenhouses are cultivated in the Urals in the same way as in any other region of the country. In greenhouses, it is advisable to plant bee-pollinated varieties near the open door and regularly, twice a day, ventilate the room.
But greenhouse hybrids for the Urals include those that do not require pollination. The peculiarity of these vegetables is their resistance to fungal diseases characteristic of the humid environment of greenhouses. This is cladosporiosis, ordinary cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew, etc.
A mid-early hybrid from Holland that does not need to be pollinated by bees. It forms a medium-sized bush with short internodes. Cucumbers have a rich green color. They are small in size, suitable for fresh consumption, salads.
In the open ground, the Ekol cucumber cannot boast of high productivity; about 3-4 kg of cucumbers are collected from one square. In greenhouses, this indicator increases to 15-18 kg. Ideal for collecting small pickles. It transfers known cucumber diseases, but is susceptible to the cucumber mosaic virus.
Early ripe gherkins, ripening in just a month with a little. The laying of ovaries is bundle, which guarantees excellent yields - up to 4 kg from one bush, with mulching the soil more by 30%.
Fruits are medium in size, with tubercles. They are good in salads, but are rarely used for salting because of the thin skin. The hybrid is resistant to adverse weather and diseases, but not all gardeners like the short period of fruiting Voyage.
Pickled cucumber originally from the Netherlands. Early. It can be grown in greenhouses and at home - on window sills, loggias, balconies. Zelentsy is crispy, free from bitterness, medium size (7-10 cm), with small tubercles on the skin. Bush Odette medium-braided, many lateral shoots, ovaries 2-3. A friendly crop is harvested in June-August.
Baby Mini F1
A promising hybrid, a distinctive feature of which is its size. Zelentsy grow up to 8-10 cm in length. Their shape is cylindrical, and their weight reaches 160 g. Miniature, smooth, fragrant, with seeds, they are suitable for salads. Ovary bunch, on one bush many fruits ripen.
Crops reach 17 kg per square, especially in greenhouse conditions. The hybrid can be planted in open ground, but for germination the seeds need a temperature of at least + 26-27 degrees.
A hybrid of early fruiting, pollinated by bees, but recommended for growing in greenhouses. Ripens by 39-41 days. Medium fruits are 11-12 cm long, oval, taste good. Suitable for fresh consumption, canning, pickling.
The output of marketable products is excellent - 96%. The hybrid is relatively resistant to cucumber mosaic, it tolerates other diseases persistently.
Greenhouse Hybrid Comparison Chart
|Hybrid||Ripening days||The average weight of the fruit, g||Average yield in greenhouses, kg / sq. m||Disease resistance|
|Ecol||43-45||60-70||17-20||powdery mildew, cladosporiosis|
|Voyage||35||90-110||12-14||powdery mildew, including false|
|Odette||50-55||80-95||13-16||cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew|
|Rhythm||45||100||12-15||powdery mildew, cladosporiosis|
Varieties of cucumbers that do not require pollination (i.e. parthenocarpic ) can be successfully grown on closed beds in any region of the Urals. To extend the growing season of a plant, its seeds are first planted at home, and then the sprouted seedlings are placed in greenhouses. So in the region with a short summer, you can harvest a decent crop.
A variety of cucumbers that has been successful with gardeners for over 20 years. It is characterized by good germination, short growing season, unpretentiousness. It takes root in summer cottages and in open ground (but then productivity is greatly reduced, 5-10 kg / sq. M against the maximum 30).
Fruits weighing up to 80 g are oval, dense and juicy flesh. Long stored. Of the minuses of this hybrid, its susceptibility to diseases such as angular spotting, anthracnose, perinosporosis is called.
Emerald Family F1
An early hybrid, popular among summer residents for their unpretentiousness, resistance to temperature extremes and tolerance to many diseases. Fruits stably, although not for long. Vigorous bush, bunch type of ovaries, 5 of them are formed. Cucumbers are large, dark in color, with stripes, 10-12 cm long.
The density is medium, the flesh is crispy, moderate sweetness is present. Universal hybrid, suitable for salads and preservation.
The hybrid of cucumbers Herman is extremely popular among summer residents and on farms. Grown in Russia since 2001. It is cultivated both in greenhouses and in open ground. Matures early. An adult bush grows to medium size, it stops growth itself.
On bundle ovaries 4-6 flowers are formed. Zelentsy German oval, medium-sized - up to 10 cm in diameter and 100 g in weight. The flesh has a sweetish flavor. The vegetable is tolerant to diseases of cucumbers, but suffers from parasites. Well kept.
A high-yielding precocious hybrid whose amazing taste is its main advantage. Cucumbers crunch, have a pronounced aroma. Do not lose their taste after heat treatment.
Courage is suitable for industrial cultivation, outdoor crops reach 7 kg / sq. m, in the greenhouses above. The bush is medium-sized, mass ripening occurs after 43 days, the crop is harvested until September.
A cold-resistant hybrid of Russian selection, resistant to low temperatures and diseases of cucumbers (rot, dew, etc.). Universal. Gherkins are suitable for salads, preservation, salting.
On each bush, several greenbacks are formed, medium in size (up to 14 cm in length), bear fruit abundantly. The shape of the cucumbers is oval-elongated, taste without bitterness. Cupid has established itself in the cold regions of Russia. Vegetables ripen quickly, yield high yields, especially in greenhouse conditions.
Comparison table of these hybrids.
|Hybrid||Ripening days||The average weight of the fruit, g||Average yield in greenhouses, kg / sq. m||Disease resistance|
|Marinda||40-55||60-70||25-29||spotted mosaic, scab, olive spotting, cladosporiosis|
|Emerald family||40-45||120-130||14-16||olive blotch, powdery mildew|
|Hermann||38-40||80-100||12-14||cladosporiosis, mosaic, powdery mildew|
|Courage||35-45||120-140||6-9||olive spotting, mosaic, powdery mildew|
|Amur||35-38||90-120||25-28||olive spotting, mosaic, powdery mildew, root rot|
When choosing which of the varieties to prefer, gardeners should take into account the peculiarity of the climate in the region, and plant cucumbers with a short growing season. In the Urals, both greenhouse varieties and crops for open ground take root. In the absence of a greenhouse, you need to select the most cold-resistant varieties that are not afraid of the harsh Ural summer and temperature extremes.