Variety of cucumbers Competitor - a description of the appearance and characteristics of cultivation
Cucumber The competitor did not just get its name. He really deserves the best reviews from consumers and gardeners. Grown on the territory of the Russian Federation since the 80th year of the last century. Initially, it was bred in the southern region, but over time it began to grow in a cooler part of the country.
Seeds of cucumbers "Competitor"
General characteristics of cucumbers
The variety is precocious and heat-loving, so it is planted in open ground not earlier than the last days of May. The root system is quite developed in the initial stages - in comparison with the stem, the root grows 2-3 times more. When the fruits ripen, the bush takes on the size of a rhizome. A feature is the rapid growth of stems on which the antennae are localized. With their help, the bush grabs onto any supporting structures.
After germination of the sprouts, very little time passes for the first flowers to appear, which are equally divided into female and male. With an abundance of heat, the flowers begin to open very early - at about 4 o’clock in the morning. In cooler regions, time shifts by 2 hours. The period of existence of inflorescences is a maximum of 2 weeks, after which they fall. Ovaries with fruits are formed in their place.
The competitor belongs to the indeterminate variety, therefore, it is not limited in growth. The bush is characterized by the following indicators:
the maximum length of the main stem is 2 meters or more;
the laying of ovaries has a tendency to bundle;
lash - powerful, branching - moderate;
pollinated at a high level;
the stalks are long (up to 7 cm).
Features of the fruit:
shape - oval, cylindrical;
color is dark green;
the surface of the cucumber is tuberous with soft spikes;
length - 10-13 cm;
weight - 110-140 grams;
bitterness is absent;
taste is sweet;
aroma - pronounced;
the flesh is juicy.
The variety has a wide range of uses - for salads, canning, pickling, salting. In addition, it is stored for a long time, due to which it is used for sale.
Ripening dates and productivity
A competitor matures quickly enough. If you plant in the ground in spring, then after 40-50 days you can harvest. If planting is carried out later, then the ripening time is reduced - the fruits can be eaten after 32-35 days.
Productivity depends on weather conditions. In warm climates, the fruiting period is 3 months; when cool, it decreases. On average with 1 square. m you can collect from 3 to 6 kilograms of fruit.
Advantages and disadvantages
crop stability over a long period of time;
excellent taste indices;
duration of preservation;
ease of care and nurturing;
disease resistance powdery mildew;
quick survival of seedlings;
power of the root system and the bush.
if the cucumber is not collected in a timely manner, the peel turns yellow;
when overgrown, the peel hardens and cracks;
if not watered enough, bitterness forms.
This variety is designed for seedling and seedling method of cultivation. In the southern part of the country, seeds are laid in open ground, in cool regions , seedlings are first grown , which is transplanted into the garden.
If you plan to plant your own seeds, be aware that the best germination is achieved in the 2nd or 3rd year. Accordingly, if you store the seeds in a cool place without high humidity. It is permissible to use the competitor's seed material for 6 years.
How to prepare grains:
sort - to do this, dip in salted water for 10-15 minutes, and remove the pop-up elements;
flush the seeds;
disinfect - make a weak solution of manganese, lower the seeds into it for 24 hours;
soak the seeds in water;
shift to wet gauze;
With the seedling method of growing cucumbers, the Competitor calculates the planting period. For this, the date of diving into the open ground is determined. From it you need to count back about a month. For example, a transfer to a permanent place is planned for May 1. So, the seeds are planted on April 1-5.
When rearing seedlings, temperature requirements are observed: soil and air must have a temperature of at least 15-16 degrees. If urgent disembarkation is required, then take this expert advice:
prepare the ground;
cover the area with black film;
let stand for at least 4 days.
It is recommended to plant cucumbers every year in a new place. The best site for the Competitor is the land on which tomatoes, onions, cabbage, and potatoes grew last year. You can not plant after legumes and carrots.
The competitor is considered an unpretentious plant, but to increase productivity it is necessary to prepare the soil. About 30 days before planting, decontamination is carried out. To do this, the earth is poured with a weak solution of manganese or scalded with boiling water. After 2 weeks, the digging is carried out with the simultaneous application of fertilizers. To do this, you need to make a solution (dosage is indicated on 2 square meters):
20 liters of compost or slurry;
60 grams of urea;
30 grams of potassium chloride;
60 grams of superphosphate;
40 grams of potassium sulfate.
Mix the components thoroughly, water the area.
Since the stems of the Competitor are growing rapidly, it is advisable to grow the variety on trellises. For this, 2 rows of seeds are sown (seedlings are planted) with a distance of 20-40 cm, and between them, wooden pegs are driven in every meter. A wire clings to them or rails are mounted.
Features planting on seedlings
The competitor's root system does not differ in increased power, so it is advisable to plant germinated seeds in peat pots or briquettes. In this case, while picking, the root will not be damaged. In each pot, 2 seeds are laid.
Features of landing in the open ground
When planting in the garden, it is advisable to observe a 40x40 cm scheme, but with the trellis method, a 20x40 cm scheme is suitable. Planting is carried out after disinfecting the soil and applying complex fertilizer. That is, after preparing the soil.
In order for the seeds to sprout faster and the crop to be significant, be sure to fluff up the ground and saturate it with humus.
Caring for a Competitor is a pleasure, because the variety is considered completely unpretentious. But still there are special rules.
A competitor can grow almost in the wild, so if you don’t have the time and desire to tie it up, then let the stems grow by themselves. They will be conveniently located on the ground and create side shoots. But in this case, it is necessary to increase the distance between the bushes. You need to know that with the horizontal method of growing this variety, yield decreases and the ripening period increases. This is due to the fact that there is no possibility of normal ventilation.
But in order to get the crop as early as possible, pinch the shoots. On each of them you need to leave about 6 leaves. To exclude thickening, which reduces fruiting, it is important after the cucumbers begin to form, cut the primary processes with garden scissors. The rest are tied to a trellis wire. It is advisable to do a pinch after the formation of 5-6 sheets.
Until the bushes are fully grown, it is necessary to water the seedlings in small quantities, but often. In the future, the situation changes radically - more water is introduced, and the frequency is reduced.
Moistening time - morning or evening.
You can’t fill it with cold water, but it is also not recommended to water it too hot in the sun.
Before the formation of the first flowers, watering is carried out once a week. For 1 square. m you need to make up to 4 liters of fluid.
During flowering, 5 liters per square meter is enough every 4 days.
When fruiting, the soil is moistened after 2 days of 7 liters.
When growing in greenhouse conditions or under the film after watering, thorough ventilation is required. Therefore, the film is left open for a couple of hours.
Weeding and cultivation
Loosening is necessary for oxygen and nutrients to enter the root system. Weeding avoids morbidity. Given the weak root system of the Competitor, these manipulations are carried out with extreme caution without intensive deepening of the tools.
Cucumber beds need to be fed periodically, although this is not so important for the Competitor. But the quality of the fruit and the yield depend on this.
After 3 weeks after planting, fertilizers are applied every 15 days. You can use mullein, manure, chicken droppings, tinctures from herbs (dandelion, nettle). Additionally, a superphosphate solution is used.
Pests and diseases
The variety is not too susceptible to morbidity, but sometimes for one reason or another this happens. What diseases and pests can a Competitor have:
Spotting is angular and olive, cladosporiosis, mosaic ordinary and powdery mildew. Against these diseases, copper-based preparations (Bordeaux liquid, copper chloroxide) are used.
Aphids and ticks. Bushes should be treated with a solution of kalbofos (10 percent) or with Aktofit.
How to collect and store crops?
Cucumbers are harvested in the early morning, so that they still keep the coolness and freshness of the night. Collection is carried out daily or every 2 days. Depending on the yield (the more often to ripen ripe fruits, the more ovaries form). Take off the fruit with garden shears.
For storage, wooden boxes are used with large gaps between the slats or baskets. Tanks are placed in the most cool room. Under such conditions, they retain their structure for up to 10 days.
Anton, 52 years old. I have known a competitor since Soviet times, we have been growing it for many years. What I like: unpretentiousness, taste, versatility of use, shelf life. There are no problems with him at all. And the seed material always turns out to be excellent - there are almost no hollow seeds. Profitable, tasty and a lot.
Galina, 39 years old. I have been growing vegetables for a couple of years. And last year the Competitor caught my eye. The saleswoman promised that it was not particularly necessary to look after him, so I bought it. And before that I took other varieties, and somehow there were problems with the harvest, because I plant in the country and do not come every day. In general, planted seedlings, then transferred to the ground. And the other part, I immediately planted in the ground for the sake of the experiment. To my surprise, in both cases I got an excellent result. Yes, and the palatability of the fetus is not bad. I tried to preserve - and in this case, the cucumber did not disappoint (the taste is excellent, the crunch is present). In a word, for me, as for a beginner, the Competitor is just a godsend.
In last year's pose, my grandfather asked my mother to buy cucumber seeds. He passed away last year. This year I decided to prove to my mother that I was responsible and planted a cucumber. A few days after sowing, a sprout appeared, and the next day it increased in size. A very good and interesting variety of cucumbers.
Competitive cucumbers can be grown by experienced gardeners as well as novice vegetable growers. The variety has many advantages, does not require large financial costs, and seeds can be used at home. But before planting, be sure to carefully study all the intricacies of cultivation and care - only in this case the cucumber bush will reward you with many fruits.