Cucumber Rodnichok is a hybrid that has been popular with domestic and foreign summer residents for several decades. The appearance of the variety, its characteristics make the cucumber stand out among other hybrids of this vegetable crop.
Seeds of cucumbers of Rodnichok variety
Cucumbers fontanel on a branch
Unpretentious bee pollinated hybrid. Its fruits are sweet and not bitter.
Variety Rodnichok has an excellent presentation
History of Variety Breeding
The application for the introduction of varieties in the state register of domestic selection achievements was submitted by the scientist A. Mashkov in 1974, however, it was introduced only after 5 years. Place of creation - Tiraspol, Transnistrian Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences. The variety belongs to hybrids resistant to powdery mildew and many other diseases.
Hybrid can be grown on any soil. At first, the breeder could not get rid of the characteristic bitterness in the hybrid, but over time it completely disappeared. You can grow in all regions of the Russian Federation.
Hybrid fontanel - medium early variety, pollination occurs with the help of bees. The plant is very tall with sprawling branches, almost all the flowers are female. Harvesting is possible 50-55 days after the appearance of the first leaves, but the main advantage of the variety is wave-like fruiting, that is, the fruits can not be harvested immediately, but gradually, first one ripens, then the other ripens.
Cucumbers A fontanel of a characteristic light green hue. The mass of one is about 100 g, the length is from 9 to 12 cm. There are stripes on the peel, and small black spikes are placed on the entire surface. When cut, cucumbers emit an excellent smell, taste crispy without voids and bitterness.
Productivity and fruiting
The Rodnichok hybrid is characterized by a bundle formation of ovaries, several per knot, but it happens that about 5 shoots appear on the 1st plant. When grown in greenhouses, you can from 1 square. m collect about 18-26 kg of cucumbers. In open soil, these indicators are much worse - about 6-8 kg.
In addition to high yields, the variety has an excellent commercial appearance, which makes it suitable for commercial large-scale cultivation.
Rodnichok cucumbers are not very cheap, so many eat them fresh. Also, the reason for use is not in conservation is the possibility of long-term storage of the crop. But many housewives used the variety for the preparation of winter platter, salted the fruits.
Features and difference from other varieties
Variety Rodnichok is exactly the same as other hybrids of this culture. But there is one nuance that slightly distinguishes it from others - ideally similar fruits of the same size. Cucumbers of identical length can be removed from one plant. This feature makes the hybrid the best cultivar for sale.
If you want to grow a variety for commercial purposes, then plant it in a greenhouse. In this case, the plants will bring the best harvest and will get the presentation you need.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety is not afraid of downy mildew. In breeding, it is used to create other varieties and hybrids, because it is an excellent donor with innate genetic immunity to a number of infections that harm this vegetable culture.
In the open ground, the plant can attack aphids, so regularly treat the beds with a solution of soap, ash or other pests. If insects wound up in the greenhouse, then in this case it is not Rodnichok who is to blame, but its owners.
Advantages and disadvantages
This hybrid, like other vegetable crops, has pros and cons, they must be considered when growing.
Advantages of cucumber Rodnichok:
- excellent taste;
- beautiful appearance;
- ease of cultivation;
- strong immunity;
- the ability to grow on any terrain and in any conditions;
- good yield;
- excellent transportation.
The disadvantages of cucumber Rodnichok:
- demanding fertilizer;
- Needs regular and quality watering;
- without proper storage of the crop, the fruits lose their attractive appearance.
The above disadvantages of the variety apply not only to the fontanel, they apply to any vegetable crops. This variety does not have specific individual flaws.
Planting and growing
Sowing the seeds of the Rodnichok hybrid provides for a series of sequential measures, and it all depends on the choice of cultivation location: in a greenhouse or in open soil.
The Rodnichok hybrid has one characteristic feature - almost all seeds are female, so you can do without standard heating of the seed. First of all, examine the grains and leave only beautiful and whole ones, then place them in a weak saline solution - bad specimens will emerge, and good ones will remain at the bottom.
Soaking in different growth stimulants is not necessary, especially if you bought colored seeds. Otherwise, the risk of damage to the shell will be high.
Seed germination of hybrid varieties of cucumbers, see the video:
You can also read an additional article on planting seeds for seedlings .
Prepare before planting cucumber seeds from the fall. Burn the old foliage, and dig the soil. Dilute the solution from water and bleach (3%) and spray on it all surfaces of wood, metal and glass.
When digging the ground, add chicken droppings or rotted cow dung to it. It must be rotted, otherwise it will burn future sprouts. If you don’t have such organic matter on the site, you can use ready-made mineral mixtures purchased on the market or in a special garden or vegetable garden store. Just choose the funds marked "for cucumbers."
It is better to sow the fontanel seeds in rows, so it will be easier to take care of them in the future. Leave about 0.7 m between the rows and 0.3 m between the seedlings.
When planting grains, deepen them into the soil by about 2 cm, water abundantly and cover with agrofiber. You can use a film, the main thing is that the covering material protects the plants from return frosts.
The seeds of this hybrid will germinate very soon, and you will see the sprouts 3-4 days after sowing. If heat and frost are not foreshadowed on the street, then the covering material is removed so that the seedlings can be saturated with fresh air and heat.
Watch the moisture of the soil, it should not dry out. In the season of active plant growth, add nitrogen to the soil, phosphorus fertilizers are suitable for flowering, and add potassium during the formation of the ovaries.
Some summer residents are sure that it is easier to grow seedlings and transplant them first than to sow seeds directly into the soil. But in practice this is not entirely true. During the cultivation of seedlings, it is necessary to monitor the humidity in the room, air temperature, illuminate the culture with additional lamps and carry out tremendous care.
As a substrate for grains, you can use ready-made mixtures for growing vegetables, if you do not have the opportunity to purchase them, then you can make the mixture yourself. The main components for creating the substrate: fertile soil, peat and humus (in equal parts).
For planting seeds, pots are treated with special disinfectants, for example, Gamair, Fitosporin or Planriz. Select pots with a volume of approximately 50-55 mm, deepen the seeds by 1.5-2 cm.
Until the seed germination period, keep the temperature at + 23 ... +25 degrees Celsius. Then lower it gradually. Be sure to pick the plants in separate cups with a capacity of 45x45 mm and a volume of 80 ml.
Soil preparation and seedling planting
Fertilize soil directly during planting seedlings in the soil:
- in the beds, make holes with a depth of about 0.4 m at a distance of 0.6-0.7 m from each other;
- fill in them a layer of earth mixed with humus or compost, then add fertile soil without fertilizers;
- transfer seedlings with a lump of earth onto it or install a pot of peat with seedlings on top;
- fill the hole with soil and water, taking into account 3 liters per 1 plant.
In the future, mulch the area with peat or dried grass. It will provide protection against weeds and also retain moisture in the earth longer.
The following video shows how to dive the sprouted seeds of Rodnichok cucumbers in pots:
Any variety of cucumbers needs to meet all the requirements for cultivation. The main ones are: planting is carried out only in well-drained nutrient soil, during care it is necessary to remember the regularity of irrigation with warm, settled water and fertilizing.
In addition, important components of the rapid growth of Rodnichok cucumber are maintaining the optimum temperature in the greenhouse, forming a bush and spraying it from pests.
Any variety of cucumbers needs high-quality watering. It is carried out only with warm water, seedlings may not be able to perceive cold moisture at all. It is impossible to pour directly under the root, otherwise it can be exposed, as a result the risk of infection with various bacterial diseases will increase.
Pouring a lot of water is also not necessary, the root system will begin to rot, and a puddle will appear around the plant. Often, such phenomena can be seen on soils with poor drainage.
If the weather has become colder, then reduce the amount of watering.
In the greenhouse, before buds form under 1 plant, add about 4-5 liters of water. As soon as they appeared, it is necessary to stop the rapid growth of leaves, and "force" the seedlings to focus on the ovaries. Watering is reduced, and water is added about 8 liters per 1 square. m 1 time in 3 days.
If the summer season is very hot, then in addition to regular watering, spray the glass in the greenhouse, and sprinkle the foliage with warm water from the sprayer.
The introduction of manure into the soil is an excellent option for fertilizing the crop and the fontanel is no exception. But you can use this option of fertilizer only as a special infusion: dilute 1 liter of fresh manure in 10 liters of water and leave it so that it is infused for 2 weeks. Dilute the finished mixture in water in a proportion of 1:10.
Another option for feeding: 5 l of water and 7 g of ammonium nitrate, 7 g of potassium sulfate, 10 g of superphosphate. Mix all the ingredients and water the bushes with the calculation of 1 bucket for 12 plants.
Perform the second dressing after 2 weeks, as the plants begin to bloom and the first ovaries form on them. At this point, add organics. In addition, in 5 liters of such a product, add:
- 3-5 g nitrofoski;
- 100 ml of wood ash;
- 0.2 g of boric acid;
- 0.15 g of manganese sulfate.
In this embodiment, 1 square. m apply 3 l of funds. If there is no possibility to create such a fertilizer, then mineral fertilizing can be applied, where potassium should be much more than nitrogen.
The third feeding is carried out after another 2 weeks. Take 5 liters of water and 1.5 tbsp. l mullein. A similar fertilizer can be used as the fourth top dressing, also 2 weeks after the third.
After fertilizing, plants need high-quality watering .
The fontanel is formed only on the trellis. Pinch the main shoot when it reaches the top row, side branches above the third node.
This procedure is carried out for such purposes:
- for foliar fertilizing - in 1 bucket of water dilute 1 g of orthoboric acid, 30 g of potassium nitrate, 0.1 g of zinc salt of sulfuric acid, 60 g of superphosphate and 150 g of urea;
- for protection against diseases and harmful insects - use Topaz or Confidor;
- during watering - use the sprinkling method.
Diseases and Pests
The variety has strong immunity, but some ailments still attack it.
The most dangerous diseases:
- Powdery Mildew Symptoms: small light spots form. The wattle-trees become brown, and after a while they fall. Reasons: the presence of weed grass in one area and very frequent watering. Methods of control: burn the leaves and plants themselves, process the cucumbers with a powder of sulfur.
- Peronosporosis. Symptoms: spots appear yellow-green with a slight coating. They increase in size and turn purple. Methods of struggle: it is easier to carry out preventive measures in advance than to defeat the disease later. If you saw the disease in the active phase, then treat the bushes with Bordeaux fluid.
- Anthracnose. Symptoms: spots appear brownish yellow with a pink coating. Methods of control: treatment of plants with Bordeaux fluid.
The main pests: gourd aphids, ants, spider mites, whiteflies and slugs. They will have to fight with folk remedies and chemicals. Read more about protecting cucumbers from diseases and pests here .
Vera, 56 years old, librarian, Taganrog.
The fruits are excellent, all of the same size, although we grow the variety for ourselves, we are confident that Rodnichok would be 100% suitable for sale. I had to build trellises, because without them the lashes fall to the ground. I recommend to anyone who wants to grow this variety of cucumbers to plant it somewhere near the apiary, the bees will pollinate the plants and the amount of harvest will pleasantly surprise you.
Gleb, 44 years old, cameraman, Moscow.
Recently I bought a summer cottage, I decided that I would grow cucumbers. The choice stopped at Rodnichka, and never regretted it. The fruits are excellent, in a greenhouse with 1 square. I collect about 15 kg of cucumbers. I believe that this is a good indicator, so I don’t want to experiment and plant other varieties of this crop. The fontanel won me over with its productivity.
Compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology, regular prevention and quality care will help you grow a fontanel hybrid. And he, in turn, will thank you with delicious and crispy cucumbers.