There are a large number of varieties of cucumbers - gherkins. All of them have their own characteristics and level of productivity. In this article we will consider the main characteristics of popular varieties for greenhouses and open ground, compare them according to the criteria.
Features of cucumbers - gherkins
Gherkins - varieties of cucumbers, the size of which is not more than 12-13 cm. The fruits have a strong structure and crisp flesh. Gherkin varieties allow you to harvest until complete ripening, then cucumbers do not exceed 6-7 cm and have a special delicate taste.
The peculiarity of the gherkin varieties is a smooth and neat surface, the fruits are cylindrical in shape. Pickles and gherkins are popular for preservation and pickling.
Varieties for open ground
Gherkins can be successfully grown without the use of greenhouses, for this, select one of the soil varieties with suitable characteristics.
Next, we consider the main varieties of gherkins for growing in an open garden. When selecting, focus on the description of the variety and its features.
The variety is endowed with high productivity and medium ripening speed, suitable for growing in open ground. Bushes are high, branches of medium distribution, pollination by bees.
Spindle-shaped cucumbers with dark pubescence. In length not more than 10 cm, tuberous irregularities are possible on the surface. The mass of the fetus is about 85 g.
The fruit pulp is juicy and crisp, without a bitter taste. Most often used for preservation and pickling, as they retain their shape and elasticity well.
Son of the regiment
The variety is medium early, ripening begins after 40-45 days of growth. Bushes of moderate branching, medium-tall, one ovary gives up to three fruits. The son of the regiment belongs to bee pollinated varieties.
The fruits are smooth, slightly expanding to the peduncle. The length of the ripe cucumber is 7–9 cm, the slice thickness reaches 3 cm, and the weight is about 80 g. There is no bitter aftertaste even when fully ripened.
The son of the Regiment is predisposed to growing in open ground, but you can get a good harvest if you install a hive in the greenhouse. Then natural pollination will allow the bushes to bear fruit normally.
Plants are resistant to powdery mildew, but require careful care and timely feeding. Under favorable weather conditions, the yield will be up to 10.5 kg / sq. m
An early and stable variety suitable for planting in an open bed. Gives a crop on 43-48 days after germination. Bees are pollinated by flowering, the plant has a female type of inflorescences.
The fruits are cylindrical, have white stripes along the entire length. The size of the mature green is not more than 10-12 cm, weight up to 85 g.
A feature of the variety is its resistance to overgrowing - the fruits remain strong and elastic, retain color and are not deformed. One of the distinguishing characteristics is the non-susceptibility of the root rot plant.
Parthenocarpic variety, suitable for open ground, for greenhouses and greenhouses. It is preferable to attach the lashes to a vertical trellis. Fruits in 40-42 days of growth. Productivity is up to 13 kg / sq. m
Fruit weight - at least 100 g, length from 11 to 13 cm. The color is dark green, brightening to the stem. A characteristic feature of the variety are small seeds and crisp, very strong flesh.
The variety is intended for cultivation in open ground, film greenhouses and tunnels. Self-pollinated, early ripening. Harvesting begins on the 40-42 day from germination. The variety is unpretentious and resistant to disease.
Fruits have a pronounced white pubescence, even shape and small tuberous surface. Used for salads, and for marinades, pickles. The taste is soft, without acid and bitterness.
Moravian Gherkin F1
Plants of this variety develop well in open ground, have long lashes and medium branching, and are pollinated by bees. Harvesting begins about 47-48 days from germination.
The advantage of the variety is its high yield. With a cucumber size of up to 10 cm and a weight of 70-95 g, the total yield is up to 16 kg / sq. m
Self-pollinated, early ripe variety of cucumbers. Gherkins Advance are resistant to stem rot, cladosporiosis and other diseases. The variety is characterized by frequent formation of lateral shoots.
Cucumbers are short, even. The taste of the variety allows it to be used for universal culinary purposes.
Variety plants are suitable for outdoor cultivation. Corinna is one of the earliest varieties of gherkins, gives a high yield per meter. Plants are medium-sized and low-branched.
The fruits are juicy, have a bright color and white pubescence, elastic flesh. The length of Zelentsy is from 8 to 10 cm, the shape is oblong.
Hybrid Kai early ripe and resistant to cold. The plants are powerful, have a developed root system, take root both in greenhouses and in open soil.
Fruits of the same size, even, reach a weight of 70 g. Cucumbers are distinguished by a strong aroma and rich taste of pulp, without bitterness.
The variety is very similar to the previous hybrid in properties. Pollination does not require, tolerates low temperatures, as well as powdery mildew disease. The fruits are even, up to 10 cm. Do not overripe, do not deform.
A favorable variety for open beds is popular among households. Productivity is average, but with proper care gives a good result even in the cool summers.
Variety with beautiful dark green fruits, has small black spikes over the entire surface. Ripe cucumbers acquire a yellowish tinge at the end.
The hybrid has an average yield, fruiting on the 50th day. The volume of fruits collected per season reaches 5 kg / sq. m
Boy with Finger F1
A characteristic feature of mini-cucumbers of this variety is their strong resistance to light frosts and temperature jumps. Suitable for soil and greenhouses.
Zelentsy is strong and crunchy; the variety is popular because of its high palatability, bright aroma and crisp pulp.
The table shows the main characteristics of the varieties, plant type and criteria for the appearance of the fruit:
|Title||Type of cultivation||Ripening period||Productivity, kg / sq. m||Fruit size, cm||Branching||Pollination||Use|
|Parisian Gherkin||open ground||mid-season||2.5-4||6-12||branchy||bee pollinated||fresh look, conservation|
|Son of the regiment||open ground, ventilated greenhouse||mid early||10.5||7-9||branchy||bee pollinated||salads, preservation|
|Madame||open ground||medium early (43-48 days)||10.5-14.0||10-12||strongly branched||bee pollinated||salads, salted products|
|Harmonist F1||open ground, film shelters||early (40-42 days)||12-13||11-13||branchy||parthenocarpic||salad, snack|
|Thumbelina F1||open ground, greenhouse||super early (38-42 days)||12.5||7-9||branchy||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Moravian Gherkin F1||open ground||medium early (47-50 days)||16||8-10||weakly branched||bee pollinated||universal|
|Advance F1||open ground in film shelter||early (42 days)||12.5||11-13||branchy||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Corinna F1||open ground||medium early (47-50 days)||5.5-6||8-10||branchy||parthenocarpic||conservation, salting|
|Kai F1||open ground, greenhouse||medium early (47-50 days)||up to 12-15 (in film shelter)||6-8||branchy||bee pollinated||conservation, salting|
|Gerda F1||open ground, film shelter||medium early (45-50 days)||up to 14-15 (in film shelter)||8-10||strong-growing, strongly branched||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Novosibirsk gherkin||open ground||medium early (45-49 days)||5-6||ten||long-branched, medium-tall||bee pollinated||universal|
|Boy with Finger F1||open ground||mid-season (40-50 days)||6-7||eleven||medium-branched, tall||bee pollinated||fresh, salad|
For greenhouse cultivation, varieties with resistance to fungal diseases and mold are selected, since in a closed greenhouse a high level of humidity of air and soil is created. Plants should not be too tall and lash wide.
Friendly family F1
The variety is moody in the care and formation of the bush - it requires pinching and cutting of shoots. The main ovary is formed on the lateral shoots. With sufficient care, it gives a high yield of about 20 kg / sq. m
The appearance of the cucumbers is pleasant, the greens are smooth, have the same size and neat white spikes over the entire surface.
Variety bushes give a large volume of harvest, do not require pollination and can be grown in closed greenhouses or greenhouses.
Ecol is suitable for collecting young cucumbers up to 5 cm. Ripe fruits can grow up to 8-10 cm. Regardless of ripening, they have a sweet and juicy flesh, the skin is thin with white pubescence. Most popular for pickling young greenbacks.
Hybrid early ripe species. The ovaries are formed in the form of a bouquet (up to 8 cucumbers per node). The hybrid does not require pollination. The fruits are large, as for gherkins (10-12 cm). Harvest, resistant to adverse growing conditions hybrid.
The taste of these cucumbers reaches a high level. They are used both fresh and canned.
A hybrid variety of Dutch-made cucumber. Suitable for greenhouse cultivation and does not require pollination. Ripening rate depends on the conditions and varies from 40 to 55 days.
Gives smooth, beautiful cucumbers. The color is dark, the pulp is strong. A distinctive feature of the fruits of Marinda are very small seeds, which is convenient when consumed.
A popular cultivar in the East Siberian region. Grown in greenhouses , but well survives in open soil. The plant is powerful, vigorous, with a high maturation rate.
Variety Nastya is popular among households for resistance to diseases of cucumbers, root rot and trunk mold.
A common hybrid is universal in planting and use, it survives in glass greenhouses, greenhouses, tunnels, as well as in open ground under a film. Resistant to disease and pests.
Cucumbers are small, have an oval shape and large tuberosity. Color from deep green to slightly silver. The taste of fruits is soft, suitable for different types of dishes. Well kept after collection.
A popular cultivar for growing in home greenhouses. It is pollinated without insects, ripens quickly and gives a stable crop.
A significant drawback is the short shelf life of cucumbers - they quickly lose their shape and density, wither during storage. Most often used for preservation or pickling.
The variety is most suitable for growing in film shelters and greenhouses without heating. Early ripe, has a weak branching. Pollinated independently.
The hybrid gives a good yield of up to 13 kg / sq. m. Cucumbers are heavy, with a length of 11 cm they reach a weight of 120 g. Taste without bitterness, the pulp is dense, has no cavities inside. The bushes are not susceptible to a number of diseases, such as cladosporiosis and powdery mildew.
Early hybrid variety of Russian origin. Grown in greenhouses and greenhouses, the first crop brings on 38-40 day growth.
The fruits on the main shoot are large - up to 16 cm. The neater and smaller cucumbers from the side shoots are up to 12-15 cm. The weight of the green stuff is 120 g.
Cucumbers are stored for a long time after harvest, suitable for transportation. They retain their appearance and taste for up to 10 days, even in a warm room.
Read more about this hybrid of cucumbers here .
Red Mullet F1
It is characterized by an abundant number of ovaries - up to 12 green leaves are formed in one sinus. Early ripe variety, has medium growth and branching.
The main advantage is considered a one-time return of the crop in a short period. This is convenient when selling vegetables or a lot of preservation. The fruit volume reaches 14-15 kg / sq. m. From one bush, the collection can reach 6-7 kg.
Gherkins of this variety grow in greenhouses and covered street beds. Mels has a very high ripening rate - the main harvest occurs on day 35. Productivity up to 40 kg / sq. m
Despite the high yield and strength, the plant is demanding to care. Successful fruiting can be achieved only if timely feeding is done, regularly and carefully loosened, and the irrigation schedule is observed .
This is a mini gherkin (pickles). Variety Micron is fast ripening. Gives the first crop 38 days after germination. It is pollinated by bees, therefore it requires a ventilated greenhouse, or the location of beehives nearby.
Fruits are oval, puffy, young pickles are picked when they reach 4-5 cm, mature gherkins grow up to 8 cm. The hybrid gives the crop throughout the season, maintains the quality of greenery and does not overripe, and is also not susceptible to disease.
The presented table includes a comparative characteristic of greenhouse varieties according to the main selection criteria.
|Title||Type of cultivation||Ripening period||Productivity, kg / sq. m||Growth type||Fruit size, cm||Branching / lashes||Pollination||Use|
|Friendly family||greenhouse, film shelters, tunnels||medium early (43-48 days)||up to 20||medium||6-12||branchy||parthenocarpic||marinade, salad|
|Ekol F1||film greenhouse||early (42-45 days)||2.5-3||medium||pickles up to 5 (mature 6-10 cm)||branchy||parthenocarpic||salad|
|Crystal F1||greenhouse, covered ground under the film, open ground||precocious (44-48 days)||10.9-11.7||vigorous||10-12||medium braided||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Marinda F1||greenhouse, covered ground with sheeting||early (40-55 days)||up to 25||medium||9-10||medium braided||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Nastya F1||greenhouse, film shelter||super early (38-40 days)||from 12.5 (in open soil) or up to 30 (in greenhouses)||vigorous||7-10||branchy||parthenocarpic||salad, canning|
|Kuzya F1||film shelter, greenhouse||early (40-50 days)||in greenhouses - up to 15.5||vigorous||10-12||medium braided||parthenocarpic||universal|
|Patty f1||greenhouse, covered ground with sheeting||early (40-50 days)||from 3.7||vigorous||10-11||medium braided||parthenocarpic||salad, pickle|
|Brownie F1||film greenhouse||early (45-50 days)||up to 12, 4-13,1||medium||11-12||weakly branched||parthenocarpic||universal|
|Courage F1||greenhouse, film shelter||super early (38-42 days)||16-18||medium||13-14 on the main branches and 12-13 on the side shoots||branchy||parthenocarpic||universal|
|Red Mullet F1||greenhouse, greenhouses||early (up to 45 days)||14-15||medium||from 10 to 12||strongly branched||parthenocarpic||universal, pickle|
|Mels F1||greenhouse, open ground||super early (35 days)||declared yield - up to 40||vigorous||nine||strongly branched||parthenocarpic||pickle|
|Micron F1||greenhouse, open ground||super early (38 days)||14-15||medium||pickles - from 4 to 5 cm, and mature - up to 8||branchy||bee pollinated||canning, pickling|
In the mature period, small gherkins reach 5 to 11 cm in length, and may have small cavities inside the fetus. Thanks to their size, they grow well even on the balcony.
A popular variety for growing on balconies , in glass greenhouses. The ripening period will be 43-49 days.
Good harvest, long fruiting period. Zelentsy are even, 7-9 cm, have a cylindrical shape. In closed soil and greenhouse conditions, the maximum yield per season reaches 27 kg / sq. m
To grow cucumber varieties on your home balcony, take large and spacious seedling boxes, and use vertical trellises for fastening. Pay particular attention to soil nutrition and moderate watering.
Mid-season grade for film shelters and open ground. Cucumbers are short, not more than 6-8 cm. It has good productivity up to 10 kg / sq. m
The main advantage is high immunity to diseases, powdery mildew, mosaic, scab.
A high-yielding variety of greenhouse gherkins, is used more often for conservation. With a small size of cucumbers - up to 8 -9 cm, the volume of fruits per season reaches 10 kg / sq. m
The variety is valuable for trade - cucumbers are beautiful, even, do not turn yellow during storage, do not fade. Fresh greens are harvested up to 3-4 times a week.
The hybrid is suitable for greenhouses and open ground, has long fruiting, fruit shoots form throughout the season. In addition to high productivity, the plant is not susceptible to bacteriosis, powdery mildew, mosaic.
The table shows a comparison of mini - gherkins by indicators that are important when choosing.
|Title||Type of cultivation||Ripening period||Productivity, kg / sq. m||Growth type||Fruit size, cm||Branching||Pollination||Use|
|Children's F1||Glass greenhouse, greenhouse, loggia||early (43-48 days)||up to 27 (indoors)||medium||7-9||strongly branched||parthenocarpic||salad, pickling|
|Moth F1||Greenhouse, open ground||mid-season (up to 50 days)||to 10||medium||6-8||branchy||bee pollinated||universal|
|Filippok F1||Greenhouse, greenhouse, balcony||mid-season (50-55 days)||to 10||medium||pickles - 4 cm, mature - 8 cm||branchy||bee pollinated||canning|
|Peanut F1||Open field, tunnel, greenhouse||early (42-45 days)||high (the exact yield is not specified by the manufacturer)||medium||6-8.5||branchy||parthenocarpic||universal|
Thanks to the possibilities of modern selection, new varieties appear daily. In order to choose the right kind of gherkins, rely on the characteristics necessary in your case. With proper care, even the most capricious species will give a good harvest.