To breed representatives of the White Giant breed, you do not need to have special skills. They are quite unpretentious and do not require special conditions. It is considered one of the most successful breeding breeds, as these rabbits are a source of not only valuable dietary meat, but also beautiful white fur.
The breed appeared recently - in the 20th century. German and Belgian scientists were engaged in breeding, taking the Belgian giant as the "basis". This large breed was widespread in Belgium and Germany, but had a number of disadvantages - low fecundity and poor viability. It is these flaws that scientists “polished” for a long time.
First, the Belgian giant was crossed with chinchillas, then with the Gray giant. As a result of the selection, the first representatives of the White Giant with thick fur and large size were obtained. But the breeders did not stop there. They were faced with the task of bringing a pure white rabbit without a hint of a different color. Such fur has always been in demand in the fur industry.
All individuals with a dominant gray color were rejected, leaving only white-eared ones. So, step by step, a new breed, the White Giant, was bred, becoming a multiple winner of exhibitions.
He came to Russia in the 20th century, in the 20s. But the first representatives who came to Russia died due to a large climatic difference and genetic flaws. Only the strongest individuals survived, which served as the future gene pool for creating the Soviet population of this breed with improved indicators.
On its basis, new rabbit breeds were obtained - a black-brown rabbit and Soviet chinchilla.
Representatives of the rabbit breed White Giant are fully consistent with their name. These eared can be easily recognized by the snow-white fur and a rather large size.
This is a powerful animal with a wide and straight back, strong long, widely spaced legs. Due to their high weight, corns are often formed on them. Wide ears are erect and long. According to the standard, their length should correspond to 1/4 of the body length, that is 12-15 cm. At the ends they are rounded.
The body is elongated with a rounded croup and a wide chest. Females and males practically do not differ in structure from each other, with the exception of the head. In males, it is more rounded.
The main feature of the breed is a thick, perfectly white fur. The real White giant has no tan marks, spots, marks of a different color, there should not be yellowness.
An individual with milky-colored fur is discarded. His fur coat is smooth, dense, soft to the touch. Hair length - 4 cm.
Signs and defects of the breed
The thoroughbred rabbit should have snow-white thick fur. Its body length on average reaches 50 cm, some individuals grow up to 60 cm. Breast girth varies in the range of 36-38 cm. Depending on their weight, rabbits are divided into three classes:
- elite (weight is approximately 5,800 g);
- first class with a mass of 5,300 g;
- second class - 4 800 g.
Since only albinos were selected for breeding, the eyes of all representatives are red. In the Soviet population, a different color is not allowed. European or English representatives may have blue eyes.
For further reproduction, individuals with the following disadvantages are not allowed:
- narrow chest;
- highly developed chest
- individuals with signs of rickets - a humpback or drooping back, with the size of the front legs.
White giants are phlegmatic natures with a peaceful disposition. The calm nature makes them ideal pets, so they can often be seen in the apartment. They quickly become attached to the owner, do not show aggressiveness not only to humans, but also to other animals. However, if necessary, rabbits can fight back and punish the offender.
Some individuals periodically fall into a trance or stupor, that is, they remain motionless for some time, look at one point and do not respond to external stimuli. Such behavior is not considered a defect, but is a feature of these albinos.
White giants are primarily grown for the sake of white fur. In second place is the meat component. The breed belongs to the meat type. An adult male gains up to 6 kg of live weight, a female weighs less - up to 5,200 g.
The rabbit is distinguished by good fecundity. For one round she brings 7-8 rabbits. Moreover, cannibalism is not typical for her, she will never eat her offspring. Rabbits are fearlessly left with their mother, who feeds them milk. At the same time, the viability of the cubs reaches 99%. Babies grow quickly, are characterized by excellent appetite and by 10 months can already gain 5 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the breed include:
- high quality fur;
- fast weight gain;
- calm nature;
- unpretentiousness in food.
Among the shortcomings are noted problems with physique, small offspring and poor survival of rabbits. However, all these disadvantages apply to the European and English White Giant populations. In the CIS, rabbit breeders mainly breed and raise representatives of Soviet breeding, which just corrected all these shortcomings. The Soviet White Giants left the following flaws:
- the appearance on the paws of corns is pododermatitis, which causes the animal to suffer greatly;
- the female’s propensity for mastitis, so the breeder should carefully monitor their condition and health.
In the video below, the breeder provides an overview of the White Giant rabbit breed:
Prospects for breeding in Russia
The white giant is often found on farms. This breed is suitable for both venerable breeders and beginner farmers. White warm fur products are still in demand among buyers, so the breed remains very promising commercially.
Fast weight gain and high palatability of meat, but, on the other hand, moderate feed conversion makes its breeding cost-effective even without skins.
The ears of this breed are unpretentious and undemanding to the conditions of detention. Even a rabbit breeder who can take the first steps in this business will be able to create comfort for them.
Representatives of the Soviet selection are not afraid of frost and can walk in the fresh air in the winter without harm to their health. However, the colder it is on the street, the more high-calorie food should be. Animals can be kept in cages on the street.
Rabbits are usually kept in cages. Due to the thick and warm fur of the animal, the "house" does not require additional insulation. The main thing is that there are no drafts in it.
The cage should be spacious so that rabbits do not feel cramped. Set "houses" in the shade, avoiding places with direct sunlight. Due to the tendency of individuals to form corns, more attention should be paid to sex. It should be smooth and continuous, wooden flooring is allowed.
Mesh flooring is strictly prohibited for this breed.
Doors are made of mesh material, the optimal mesh size is 2 x 2 cm. In winter, it is hung with burlap so that the cold wind does not blow.
In the cells, feeders and drinking bowls of easily washable material are installed. Since long-eared animals feed on food that other rodents like mice and rats like, rabbits need to be protected from such a neighborhood. For this, the bottom and sides of the cell are upholstered with iron so that the rodents cannot get inside the cell. Otherwise, rabbits will suffer from hunger and may become infected by infectious diseases.
How to make a drinker yourself, read here .
The content of the mother liquor
Females who are preparing for an okrol should be placed in a mother-cage - a nest 7-10 days before the babies. It is attached to the side and it has the following dimensions:
- width - 30 cm;
- length - 60 cm;
- height - 35 cm.
And also provide for a removable roof to facilitate inspection of the nest and brood.
In all rooms, cleanliness is maintained and disinfection is carried out regularly once a month - they are treated with a blowtorch or bleached with lime. Litter is removed 2-3 times a week.
The white giant, in comparison with other rabbit breeds, needs more protein food, which ensures the normal development of the eared and rapid growth of muscle mass.
We recommend reading the article - how, when and how to feed rabbits .
On average, the norm of the diet looks like this:
- 50-70% is allocated to concentrated feed - feed, bran, oilcake;
- 20-30% for coarse - this is hay and grass, they contain fiber;
- 15-20% are root crops, silage, and melons. They are fed in the autumn-winter period.
When drawing up the diet, it is necessary to take into account gender, rabbit age, weather conditions, season.
The choice of herbs for livestock is approached responsibly, since many plants contain substances poisonous to rabbits - these are representatives of the nightshade family, euphorbia, celandine, datura, henbane and others.
Torn grass before letting the rabbits need to be slightly wilted. This procedure makes it more digestible for the animal. Wet grass causes fermentation in the intestines. Beets are given with caution, as it weakens.
In winter they give hay from alfalfa, while the rest of the time they do without it, as the rabbits begin to eat it.
There must be water in the drinkers, in the winter - warm. Eating a rabbit does not drink, it means he has enough fluid obtained from fresh grass or succulent root crops.
The white rabbit is ready to mate almost all year round, so there are no problems with this. In addition, females are good mothers who care for offspring and feed all rabbits.
Large animals without defects are selected for the tribe. Females are ready for breeding at 4 months old, but they are bred at the age of 8-9 months. An earlier pregnancy causes the death of the rabbit and the entire litter.
Young males are planted in females at 5-6 months. Later acquaintance with the opposite sex makes the male passive, and he begins to quickly eat fat.
Before mating, the rabbit is sent to visit the male and left for 1-2 hours. Then she is returned to her house. A week later, another mating is performed. If the female is aggressive towards the male (bites, fights off), this means that she is already in position.
Read the article on the mating of rabbits, the rules and features of their mating .
Pregnancy lasts 30-31 days. 1.5 weeks before the baby shower, the expectant mother begins to prepare the nest. At this time, the mother liquor is put in a cage.
The rabbits' births, even the first ones, usually pass without problems. Newborn cubs lie in a nest in a heap, covered with fur. They begin to leave the nest in 2-3 weeks. In this case, the rabbits eat the same as the mother. Rabbits are sedimented from rabbits at the age of 2-3 months.
Since the intestines of young rabbits are weak, new products are introduced into the diet gradually, starting with small doses and increasing them over 2 weeks.
Diseases and Pests
The main disease is subdermatitis or corns. If the rabbit becomes lethargic, does not move much, then the hind legs are examined first.
At the first stage of the disease, the skin is affected, on which corns are clearly visible. Then cracks are formed, increasing in size. Without proper treatment, they are aggravated by bleeding, it becomes painful for the rabbit to move around, it loses its appetite and suffers from diarrhea. In the last stage, the disease affects the tendons and bones.
Slaughter and skinning
Animals are sent for slaughter at the age of 3-5 months. By this time, they are gaining 2.5-3.5 kg of live weight. As a tool, use a stick with a rubber hose on the end. The rabbit is taken by the hind legs and beat him on the occipital part of the head. This is one of the most humane ways. They cut the carcass by hanging it by its hind legs on a horizontal bar or branch.
Head chopping is not practiced since the animal’s nervous system continues to function for some time, and the rabbit suffers greatly.
Where to buy and prices for White Giants
It is better to buy individuals in specialized farms or from a trusted seller. Soviet White Giant is inexpensive. The cost consists of the class of parents and the margin of the seller. As a rule, the cost of a monthly rabbit ranges from 300-500 r.
To buy an individual of the wrong breed is a small chance, since recently the Hungarian white pannon has become more popular. Its cost is an order of magnitude higher than the White giant, most likely the other way around, the White giant can be given out as a pannon.
Reviews of owners of White Giant rabbits
Since the breed is not picky, it is very popular among farmers. Reviews about her are pretty good.
Sergey, 38 years old, Saratov.
I have our rabbits on the farm, Soviet - White giants. They’re not afraid of frost, they have strong immunity, they regularly bring offspring. The meat is tender and tasty, the skins are excellent. And nothing more is needed.
Matvey, 42 years old, Rostov.
I am new to business. One grandfather advised starting a meeting with rabbits from the White Giant. He said that they can live on the street, while there is no need to build a barn, everyone eats like locusts. Rabbits are brought constantly. He says that you can handle these, see if you like the business or not, and there you can already buy something more expensive.
In general, I took advantage of the advice and do not regret it. While I do not consider other breeds, this one is suitable in all respects.
Thanks to the calm disposition and unpretentiousness, the White giants found themselves huge popularity among rabbit breeders. The breed is considered one of the most promising for breeding. With proper care, calm and peaceful animals have high rates of early maturity, fecundity and flesh.