The Siberian garland F1 is a relatively new hybrid, bred by South Ural breeders. These cucumbers are distinguished by extraordinary productivity - the fruits grow in “clusters”, there are many of them and they are very tasty. We learn how to plant and grow these cucumbers on their own.
Characteristics and features of growing cucumbers (this information is indicated by the manufacturer on a pack of seeds)
Ripening cucumbers of the Siberian Garland variety
The origin of the Siberian garland
The name contains the designation F1, indicating that the Siberian Garland belongs to hybrids. “Parents” were frost-resistant cucumbers and the old Garland variety. The authorship belongs to the breeders of the South Urals. The hybrid was bred in 2013; it has not yet been entered in the State Register.
Description of Cucumbers
The hybrid has an unusual arrangement of fruits. Many cucumbers grow on one lash, resembling grapes.
The plant is powerful, bushy, with plentiful foliage. Stem height - 2 m or more. Bushes of the "Siberian garland" are no different from other hybrid cucumbers. There is a main stem around which the plant forms.
If you look closely at the bushes more closely, you can notice such features of the bushes:
- The stem is powerful and thick, up to 1 cm in diameter.
- The internodes are short - about 8 cm.
- At least three ovaries are formed in one node. The maximum number of ovaries reaches several tens.
- The leaves are ordinary, five-lobed, with a diameter of up to 10 cm.
- The plant grows well in partial shade. Leaves often hide fruits and flowers so that they are inaccessible to the eye - you have to look for the fruits under the foliage.
- The flowers are yellow, consist of 6 petals. Diameter - up to 4 cm.
The fruits of the Siberian Garland, like all beam cucumbers, are small, but there are many of them, and they grow in beautiful "clusters." Features of the fruit:
- Length up to 8 cm, rare specimens grow longer.
- The diameter of the fruit is 10-15 mm.
- Weight - 20-50 g.
- Not prone to overgrowing.
- The color changes from end to base - the salad color smoothly turns into dark green.
- The surface is covered with tubercles with small, spiky white spikes.
- They have a characteristic cucumber aroma, in taste - sweetish notes.
- The pulp is juicy, crispy, without bitterness and voids.
Characteristics of this Hybrid
Cucumbers "Siberian garland" are self-pollinated hybrids of the beam type. It is relatively unpretentious and allows you to get a lot of cucumbers. Fruiting is extended over time, so the variety provides its owners with cucumbers until late autumn.
In bunch cucumbers, unlike ordinary cucumbers, several fruits are formed in one node at once - a "bunch" of fruits grows.
Productivity and fruiting
The originator reports that one bush of the Siberian Garland is capable of producing 400-500 fruits - this is about 20 kg. With 1 sq. m collect 35-40 kg of cucumbers.
The hybrid is early ripening, so the first cucumbers are harvested already 1.5 months after planting. If the correct agricultural technique is applied, fruiting, having begun, does not stop before the onset of cold weather. There are so many cucumbers, and they grow so fast that they have to be harvested daily. If you skip the collection, the development of new ovaries is inhibited.
Disease and pest resistance
“Siberian garland F1” has high resistance to many “cucumber” diseases. He is practically not affected:
- powdery mildew;
- brown spotting;
- cucumber mosaic.
But this hybrid can be affected by fungal diseases - for example, gray and root rot. Excessive dampness usually becomes the cause of the disease.
Advantages and disadvantages of the hybrid
Advantages of the Siberian Garland:
- High yields in all weather conditions and cultivation methods. The hybrid adapts to different climates.
- Self-dusting allows you to freely grow a hybrid in a covered ground.
- Prolonged fruiting. In a temperate climate, it continues until October, in the southern regions - until the frost.
- Resistance to traditional diseases of cucumbers.
- Lack of bitterness in taste.
The disadvantages of the hybrid:
- The high cost of seeds. For packaging with 5 seeds, sellers ask 70-120 rubles.
- It requires care, without which it is impossible to achieve high yields. But this feature is characteristic of any hybrid of cucumbers.
- It is necessary to collect the fruit daily - to maintain abundant and prolonged fruiting.
The hybrid is universal - its fruit is good in any form, raw or canned. Garland cucumbers are tasty in salads, appetizers, in okroshka. Suitable for pickling - billets, according to reviews, are very tasty.
How to prepare the soil and seeds?
"Siberian garland F1" can be grown in any way - seedlings or seeds, under the open sky and under shelter. Whichever option is chosen, you need to prepare for planting - choose a place, make beds and prepare planting material.
Features of the choice of landing site:
- This hybrid grows best in partial shade. The hot sun has a bad effect on the growth and development of plants - they dry and produce few fruits. If there is no natural defense, you will have to cover the landing with a canopy. As an option - planting on the sunny side of sunflowers or corn.
- It is forbidden to plant peas next to cucumbers.
- Plots on which pumpkin, beets or zucchini grew are not suitable. Cucumbers grow well after onions, white cabbage, potatoes and corn.
How to equip a cucumber bed:
- Preparation from the fall. Hay, chopped straw, etc. are laid out at a selected site. The layer thickness is 9-14 cm. Fresh manure is applied to the top, covered with a film, and in this form is left for the winter. In the spring, work continues. They remove the film, on top - for manure, pour out a layer of humus. Dolomite flour is added to acidified soil - it is mixed with humus (150 g per 10 l).
- Spring preparation. The site is dug, make rotted manure or compost - lay a layer of 10 cm thick. Then pour Nitrofosku (100 g per 1 sq. M). Soil is laid on top of fertilizers with a layer of 10-15 cm. The bed is watered abundantly and covered with a black film, trying to ensure tightness. Exposure under cover should last at least a week.
The next stage of preparation is sorting and germination of seeds. Having selected good seeds, they are soaked in a bioactivator with a disinfectant. This saturates the planting material with trace elements, prevents the development of fungal diseases. Table 1 - processing and preparation of seeds for germination.
|Bioactive drug||How much to breed?||Holding time, h|
|Zircon||1-2 drops in 300 ml of water||8-18|
|Azotofit||1 tsp in 500 ml of water||1,5-2|
|Epin||1 ml in 2 l of water||24|
|Vermisol||diluted in warm water 1: 5||12|
Treated seeds are laid on a damp cloth, cover another, and put in a warm place. After 1-2 days, sprouts appear.
To reject bad seeds, you need a salt solution - 50 g of salt is dissolved in a liter of water. Floating seeds are thrown away - they are not suitable for planting.
How to plant?
It doesn’t matter in which soil cucumbers grow - in open or closed, warm beds are built for them. As soon as the soil warms up to + 15 ° C, seedlings or seeds are planted.
The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings is the end of March. The procedure for growing seedlings:
- Disinfected and germinated seeds are planted in cups filled with a universal substrate. Planting depth - 2.5-3 cm. The soil mixture can be prepared independently:
- turf and forest land - 1 part;
- peat - 1 part;
- nitroammofosk - 1 tbsp. l on the bucket.
- Glasses with seeds are covered with a film that transmits light. Provide good lighting - if necessary, turn on the backlight. The optimum temperature is from + 25 to + 28 ° C.
- Water containers with seeds every 3-4 days.
- So that the green mass grows more intensively, the seedlings are poured with urea (2 g per 1 liter of water). One plant needs about 100 ml of solution.
- When shoots appear, the film is removed. A week before planting, seedlings begin to be hardened - they are taken out every day to the street or to the greenhouse.
Ready seedlings are taken out of the cups along with the ground. The bushes are placed in prepared wells, they are buried to the bottom leaves. The soil is carefully tamped. The substrate is watered twice - before planting and after planting.
Features of planting seedlings:
- Planting density - 2 units of seedlings per 1 square. m
- Between the bushes the distance is 10-15 cm.
- The row spacing is 12-15 cm.
If the soil has not been properly prepared in advance, then in a hole before planting put a handful of ash and 5 g of urea.
Cucumbers can be grown without seedlings - direct sowing in the ground. This method is popular in regions where the soil warms up early - for germinating shoots, a temperature of about 18-20 degrees Celsius is needed. Minimum allowable value: + 16 ° C. Weather conditions for the growth of cucumbers are crucial. If the air warms up to + 25 ° C during the day and drops below + 15 ° C at night, the cucumbers will not grow.
The best time for sowing cucumber seeds in open ground is the end of May or the beginning of June. By this time, the soil will warm up, and the night temperatures will be set at the right level.
On the trellis bushes of the Siberian Garland are formed with one stalk - this allows you to save space on the beds. Plants with this planting receive a lot of light and give good yields.
The scheme of planting seeds in open ground:
- The interval between the seeds is 5-7 cm.
- The distance between the rows is 12-15 cm.
The subtleties of care
Cucumbers are one of the most moody and demanding cultures. They love heat, moisture, top dressing. "Siberian garland" refers to hybrids, the care of which is justified by long and generous fruiting.
Loosening and weeding
Cucumbers are contraindicated in weeds, so the beds are regularly weeded. As mulch use humus, peat crumb, freshly cut greens. Cucumber beds are useful for loosening - this improves the supply of roots with oxygen.
How to water?
- The ideal time for watering is morning or evening. If drops of water fall on the leaves and the sun shines, burns may occur.
- Before flowering, watered every 3-4 days. After the formation of ovaries - once every 2-3 days.
- In the heat, the beds are watered daily.
- Take warm water. Temperature - from +23 to + 25 ° C. Water should settle for at least a day.
- The beds are watered with a watering can, from a hose, or organize drip irrigation. Water is poured into the grooves between the plants, watering under the root is not recommended - the water will wash the soil off the roots, they will begin to dry out, and the plant’s nutrition will deteriorate.
- To increase the humidity in the greenhouse, barrels of water are placed near the beds. In the heat, you can spray the greenhouse from the inside. It is also allowed to water cucumbers from above - from a watering can, with a chalk solution.
The soil around the stalk of the cucumber should remain dry - this will prevent rotting of the roots.
The Siberian garland F1 needs frequent top dressing - large yields require “feeding”. Fertilizers make different - organic and mineral. "Chemistry" can be replaced with folk remedies.
It is recommended to apply top dressing once a week, and their composition must be changed. Fertilizers are applied after watering. The frequency and composition of top dressing according to folk recipes is shown in table 2.
|When to deposit?||Structure|
|After germination and after the plants reach a height of 10-15 cm||1/4 bucket of onion husks pour boiling water. Insist and water - 200 ml per plant.|
|Once a week. Top dressing alternate.|
- Grind grass (nettle, clover, etc.), pour 10 liters of water, add humus or compost (4 tbsp. L.). Insist 2 weeks. Dilute 1 liter of infusion in 10 liters of water.
- Dilute milk with water 1: 2. Watered - 200 ml per bush.
- 2/3 buckets of bread crusts are poured with warm water. Ferment is diluted 1: 3. On one plant - 500 ml.
|After fruit formation - every week||Sprinkle the soil with ash from tree species. Under one plant make half a glass of ash.|
During the season, cucumbers have enough 4 fertilizing fertilizers. The composition of the dressings is in table 3.
|When to top dress?||Composition (per 10 l of water)|
|2 weeks after planting||Options:|
- carbamide (25 g) and superphosphate (50 g);
- manure or bird droppings, diluted in the proportions of 1: 8 and 1:16, respectively.
|2 weeks after the first feeding||Options:|
- ammonium sulfate (25 g) + superphosphate (45 g) + potassium sulfate - for irrigation;
- superphosphate solution (50 g).
|One week after harvesting the first fruits||Options:|
- carbamide (50 g) - for watering or spraying;
- complex liquid fertilizers;
- potassium sulfate (15 g).
|10 days after the third feeding||Spray with a solution of soda (30 g), urea (15 g) or infusion of rotted hay. You can also make an infusion of manure or bird droppings.|
How do bushes form?
One stalk is left at the Siberian Garland - to avoid overloading the plant. Formation Features:
- In the first 3-4 nodes, all flowers and ovaries are cut off.
- Stepsons on the side shoots pinch, leaving only the ovaries. The central shoot is wrapped around the upper point of the trellis, and also nipped. Pinching the lateral shoots enhances the nutrition of the main stem. This accelerates the growth of the plant, provides a high yield in the later stages.
- The best time to trim the bushes is early morning.
- Sections are disinfected with copper sulfate (per 1 liter - 10-15 g) or crushed activated carbon.
- At one time, no more than 7-8 cm of shoot is removed.
- By tying the lashes to the trellis, you cannot place them unnaturally - twist or bend.
- The dried-up foliage and shoots are immediately removed - so that the plant does not waste food on them.
Diseases and Pests
If the Siberian Garland F1 cucumbers are properly looked after, they are practically not ill. If the plants are healthy and strong, then the pests are not particularly afraid of them, but individual plants can still affect. Table 4 - pests of cucumbers and methods of combating them.
|Pest||Which is harmful?||How to fight?|
|Fly miner||Lays eggs in the leaves, larvae gnaw through the passages in them.||Sprayed with Actara. Set sticky traps.|
|Aphid||It settles on the stems and from the inside of the leaves. It sucks the juice from the plant, weakens it.||Spraying Fitoverm, adding 1 tbsp. l liquid soap in 10 liters of water. Processed twice within 10 days.|
|Thrips||Very small insects sucking juices from plants. Spread viral diseases.||Every 2 weeks sprayed with Fitoverm. Put glue traps.|
|Spider mite||Braid the leaves with a patina. Suck juices from the green parts of the plant.||Processing by Acarin, Oberon. These drugs have minimal toxicity to humans.|
When growing the "Siberian garland" in greenhouses, the probability of infection with fungal diseases is twice as high as in open ground. The fight is standard - treatment with fungicides, vitriol, a solution of wood ash.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest begins around the second half of June. The rules for the collection and storage of cucumbers "Siberian garland":
- Harvest fruits in the mornings or evenings. Ideally, every day.
- Cucumbers are not torn off, but cut with a sharp knife or scissors. “Ponytails” are left on the fruit. You can not use force when collecting cucumbers, pull or pull the branches.
- Store fresh cucumbers for 7-10 days, putting in a refrigerator or in a bag, which is covered with a cloth moistened with water. The napkin is moistened as needed.
- Before laying the fruit in storage, they are cooled - this helps to prevent the formation of condensate, due to which rot develops.
- Cucumbers can be stored in the basement at a temperature of + 7-10 ° C and a humidity of 80-90%. They are stored in wooden or plastic boxes covered with plastic wrap.
What else are the "Garlands"?
There is another hybrid related to bunch cucumbers - Garland F1. It is registered in the State Register in 2010. Features of this hybrid:
- early ripening - bears fruit 41-43 days after emergence of seedlings;
- powerful, slightly branched stems;
- tolerates shade well;
- does not need artificial pollination;
- in one node - 5-6 ovaries;
- cucumbers of short length - 12-14 cm, cylindrical in shape;
- weight - 110-120 g;
- pimpled surface;
- good taste; purpose - universal;
- high resistance to diseases.
Olga Sh., Amateur gardener, Novosibirsk region
I bought seeds on the advice of sellers. Interested in the picture - cucumbers growing in a bunch, like grapes. We always have a problem with cucumbers, the weather is difficult, the yields are small. Novelty pleased - now I can make a lot of blanks. Small cucumbers - just for seaming. It is tasty to eat them fresh, it is interesting that they never get bitter. The downside is the need to purchase seeds, as this is a hybrid.
Alexey N., summer resident, Moscow Region.
I have been growing the Siberian garland for 2 years. Advertised as a super yielding variety. I did not notice any special productivity. Unlike ordinary cucumbers - the fruits grow from one sinus in several pieces. It is strange that the fruits grew smooth, although according to the description they should be pimply.
The Siberian garland is a high-yielding hybrid promising long and plentiful fruiting. But in order to get a decent harvest, gardeners need to spend a lot of time and effort.